A registered investment advisor (RIA) is an individual financial advisor or advisory firm that gives investment advice to clients. All RIAs register with either the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) or a state-level authority. Part of the reason why working with an RIA is so desirable is that they all must abide by fiduciary duty. This means they must act in their clients’ best interests at all times. Understanding what an RIA firm is and how they help their clients can help you decide whether it’s the right path for you. If you’re interested in working with a local financial advisor, try SmartAsset’s free matching tool.
What Is a Registered Investment Advisor (RIA)?
The true definition of a registered investment advisor comes from the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. It describes an RIA as “a person or firm that, for compensation, is engaged in the act of providing advice, making recommendations, issuing reports or furnishing analyses on securities, either directly or through publications.”
RIAs must register with either the SEC or a state securities administration. Holding the title of “RIA” doesn’t mean the SEC or state authority endorses the firm or advisor. Instead, it only means that it has met the initial and ongoing requirements for registration.
Registering as an RIA involves disclosing the following information:
- Investment styles and strategies
- Total client assets under management (AUM)
- Fee structure
- Past disclosures and disciplinary actions
- Any potential conflicts of interest
If you’re researching an RIA firm, you can find this information on the website of the SEC or a state security administration. This allows would-be clients to find essential info and compare firms at a glance.
What Does an RIA Firm Do?
“RIAs are investment advisory firms which provide financial planning, investment advisory and wealth management services for clients in a fiduciary capacity,” says Riley Adams, a certified public accountant and founder of personal finance site Young and the Invested.
RIAs often work with high-net-worth clients and institutional investors to manage their assets. That may involve making trades in or out of a portfolio on a client’s behalf or offering advice and guidance on various investment strategies.
The key difference between an RIA and other types of investment advisors is that RIAs must legally act in a fiduciary role at all times. In the eyes of many, this makes RIAs much more trustworthy than some of their main competitors, like hedge funds, mutual funds, online brokers and more.
Explaining Fiduciary Duty
In a nutshell, adhering to a fiduciary standard indicates an RIA must act in the best interest of its clients at all times. That means providing investment advice based on what’s best for the client, not what may be most profitable or beneficial for the advisor. The SEC may bring enforcement action against an RIA that breaches its fiduciary duty.
RIAs are required to make sure the investment advice they’re offering is as accurate as possible according to the information they have available to evaluate investments. As fiduciaries, they have a responsibility to keep efficiency and cost in sight when executing trades on behalf of clients. Furthermore, RIAs have an obligation to disclose any potential conflicts of interest as they arise.
A fiduciary advisor with a fee-based or commission-based fee structure may still recommend securities for which they receive a sales commission or other compensation. However, the financial product must be in the client’s best interest, and they must disclose that conflict of interest.
Benefits of Working With an RIA Firm
Undoubtedly, the biggest mark in favor of using an RIA firm is the fiduciary standard to which they abide by.
“The fiduciary standard goes a long way toward combating conflicts of interest in most situations,” Adams says. “Because of this, RIAs have a more trustworthy standing than other investment advisors not bound by this fiduciary standard.”
Another advantage is cost transparency. RIAs may charge a flat fee or an hourly rate for their services. With a flat fee structure, the fee is usually a percentage of the client’s assets under management. Because a firm must register with the SEC to become an RIA, these costs will always be transparent to you. This helps to take some of the guesswork out of the sometimes intimidating world of investing.
An RIA can offer personalized advice based on your investment objectives, risk tolerance, age and life stage. They can pinpoint strategies or investments that may be best suited to reaching your goals and help guide you through major life changes or periods of market volatility. Because RIAs are fiduciaries, they are generally more objective in their approach.
Regardless of whether you’re brand new to investing or you just need some help managing your current portfolio, the services of a registered investment advisor could be helpful. RIAs have a number of characteristics that make them reliable financial advisors. The most important among these are fiduciary duty and the regular disclosure of RIAs’ fees, conflicts of interest and more.
RIAs come in many different shapes and sizes. In other words, it’s extremely important that you do your research before picking which RIA you work with. After all, these advisors will have direct control over your assets and investments.
Tips for Choosing an Investment Advisor
- If you need help finding a fiduciary advisor to work with, use SmartAsset’s free financial advisor matching tool. By using this tool, you’ll be connected with up to three financial advisors in your area.
- When considering an RIA or any other type of financial advisor, pay close attention to their Form ADV. This is the document they must file with the SEC that includes information on their fees, past disclosures and potential conflicts of interest. In addition to contacting the firm directly, this is the best way to learn about an advisor.
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