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Overview of Georgia Taxes

Georgia has a progressive state income tax that features the 20th highest top rate and the 15th lowest bottom rate. Property and gas tax rates for the state are both near the national average.

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Georgia state tax quick facts
  • Income tax: 1% - 6%
  • Sales tax: 5% - 8%
  • Property tax: 0.94% effective rate
  • Gas tax: 26.53 cents per gallon

Among U.S. states, Georgia’s tax system ranks close to the middle of the pack for the burden its tax system places on taxpayers. Combined state and local sales taxes in the Peach State average 6.97%, 23rd highest in the country. The state’s top marginal income tax rate of 6% is 20th highest, while its bottom rate of 1% is 15th lowest. Likewise its average property and gas taxes are both near the national averages.

Of course, these various rates mean individual tax payers could end up paying more or less. We took an in depth look at Georgia’s tax system—read on to find out which taxes might affect you, and how hard they’ll hit your wallet.

Georgia Income Tax

Georgia utilizes a relatively simple progressive income tax system, with rates ranging from 1% to 6%. Higher earners pay higher rates, although Georgia’s brackets top out at $7,000 for single filers, which means the majority of full time workers will pay the top rate. The table below shows the tax brackets for filers in Georgia.

Income Tax Brackets

Single Filers
Georgia Taxable IncomeRate
$0 - $7501.00%
$750 - $2,2502.00%
$2,250 - $3,7503.00%
$3,750 - $5,2504.00%
$5,250 - $7,0005.00%
$7,000+6.00%
Married, Filing Jointly
Georgia Taxable IncomeRate
$0 - $1,0001.00%
$1,000 - $3,0002.00%
$3,000 - $5,0003.00%
$5,000 - $7,0004.00%
$7,000 - $10,0005.00%
$10,000+6.00%
Married, Filing Separately
Georgia Taxable IncomeRate
$0 - $7501.00%
$750 - $2,2502.00%
$2,250 - $3,7503.00%
$3,750 - $5,2504.00%
$5,250 - $7,0005.00%
$7,000+6.00%
Head of Household
Georgia Taxable IncomeRate
$0 - $1,0001.00%
$1,000 - $3,0002.00%
$3,000 - $5,0003.00%
$5,000 - $7,0004.00%
$7,000 - $10,0005.00%
$10,000+6.00%

These are marginal rates, which means they only apply to the dollars within their respective brackets. For example, a person with a taxable income of $20,000 would pay 1% of the first $750, 2% of the next $1,500 (up to $2,250), 3% of the next $1,500 and so on. All income above the $7,000 limit would be taxed at the top rate of 6%. Note that joint filers face the same rates, but with brackets from $1,000 up to $10,000.

These rates apply not to actual earnings but to taxable income. Taxable income takes into account all deductions and exemptions, and is lower than actual income. In Georgia, taxpayers can claim a standard deduction of $2,300 for single filers and $3,000 for joint filers. Furthermore, filers can also claim a personal exemption of $2,700 ($3,700 each for joint filers) and exemptions of $3,000 for dependents.

In sum, that means a married couple with two children and annual income of $70,000 filing jointly would have taxable income of $53,600.

Georgia Sales Taxes

While Georgia has the second lowest statewide sales tax in the country (among states that have a sales tax), Atlanta has its own city sales tax of 1%, and counties can assess their own sales taxes of up to 4%. The table below shows state and county sales taxes in every county in Georgia.

Sales Tax Rates (Updated January 2016)

CountyState RateCounty RateTotal Sales Tax
Appling4.00%4.000%8.000%
Atkinson4.00%3.000%7.000%
Bacon4.00%3.000%7.000%
Baker4.00%3.000%7.000%
Baldwin4.00%3.000%7.000%
Banks4.00%3.000%7.000%
Barrow4.00%3.000%7.000%
Bartow4.00%3.000%7.000%
Ben Hill4.00%3.000%7.000%
Berrien4.00%3.000%7.000%
Bibb4.00%3.000%7.000%
Bleckley4.00%4.000%8.000%
Brantley4.00%3.000%7.000%
Brooks4.00%3.000%7.000%
Bryan4.00%3.000%7.000%
Bulloch4.00%3.000%7.000%
Burke4.00%3.000%7.000%
Butts4.00%3.000%7.000%
Calhoun4.00%3.000%7.000%
Camden4.00%3.000%7.000%
Candler4.00%4.000%8.000%
Carroll4.00%3.000%7.000%
Catoosa4.00%3.000%7.000%
Charlton4.00%3.000%7.000%
Chatham4.00%3.000%7.000%
Chattahoochee4.00%4.000%8.000%
Chattooga4.00%3.000%7.000%
Cherokee4.00%2.000%6.000%
Clarke4.00%3.000%7.000%
Clay4.00%4.000%8.000%
Clayton4.00%4.000%8.000%
Clinch4.00%3.000%7.000%
Cobb4.00%2.000%6.000%
Coffee4.00%3.000%7.000%
Colquitt4.00%3.000%7.000%
Columbia4.00%4.000%8.000%
Cook4.00%3.000%7.000%
Coweta4.00%3.000%7.000%
Crawford4.00%3.000%7.000%
Crisp4.00%4.000%8.000%
Dade4.00%3.000%7.000%
Dawson4.00%3.000%7.000%
Decatur4.00%3.000%7.000%
DeKalb4.00%3.000%7.000%
Dodge4.00%4.000%8.000%
Dooly4.00%4.000%8.000%
Dougherty4.00%3.000%7.000%
Douglas4.00%3.000%7.000%
Early4.00%3.000%7.000%
Echols4.00%3.000%7.000%
Effingham4.00%3.000%7.000%
Elbert4.00%3.000%7.000%
Emanuel4.00%4.000%8.000%
Evans4.00%4.000%8.000%
Fannin4.00%3.000%7.000%
Fayette4.00%2.000%6.000%
Floyd4.00%3.000%7.000%
Forsyth4.00%3.000%7.000%
Franklin4.00%3.000%7.000%
Fulton4.00%3.000%7.000%
Gilmer4.00%3.000%7.000%
Glascock4.00%4.000%8.000%
Glynn4.00%2.000%6.000%
Gordon4.00%3.000%7.000%
Grady4.00%3.000%7.000%
Greene4.00%3.000%7.000%
Gwinnett4.00%2.000%6.000%
Habersham4.00%3.000%7.000%
Hall4.00%3.000%7.000%
Hancock4.00%4.000%8.000%
Haralson4.00%3.000%7.000%
Harris4.00%4.000%8.000%
Hart4.00%3.000%7.000%
Heard4.00%3.000%7.000%
Henry4.00%3.000%7.000%
Houston4.00%3.000%7.000%
Irwin4.00%3.000%7.000%
Jackson4.00%3.000%7.000%
Jasper4.00%3.000%7.000%
Jeff Davis4.00%4.000%8.000%
Jefferson4.00%4.000%8.000%
Jenkins4.00%4.000%8.000%
Johnson4.00%4.000%8.000%
Jones4.00%3.000%7.000%
Lamar4.00%3.000%7.000%
Lanier4.00%3.000%7.000%
Laurens4.00%4.000%8.000%
Lee4.00%3.000%7.000%
Liberty4.00%2.000%6.000%
Lincoln4.00%4.000%8.000%
Long4.00%3.000%7.000%
Lowndes4.00%3.000%7.000%
Lumpkin4.00%3.000%7.000%
Macon4.00%4.000%8.000%
Madison4.00%3.000%7.000%
Marion4.00%4.000%8.000%
McDuffie4.00%4.000%8.000%
McIntosh4.00%3.000%7.000%
Meriwether4.00%3.000%7.000%
Miller4.00%3.000%7.000%
Mitchell4.00%3.000%7.000%
Monroe4.00%3.000%7.000%
Montgomery4.00%4.000%8.000%
Morgan4.00%3.000%7.000%
Murray4.00%3.000%7.000%
Muscogee4.00%4.000%8.000%
Newton4.00%3.000%7.000%
Oconee4.00%3.000%7.000%
Oglethorpe4.00%3.000%7.000%
Paulding4.00%3.000%7.000%
Peach4.00%3.000%7.000%
Pickens4.00%3.000%7.000%
Pierce4.00%3.000%7.000%
Pike4.00%3.000%7.000%
Polk4.00%3.000%7.000%
Pulaski4.00%3.000%7.000%
Putnam4.00%3.000%7.000%
Quitman4.00%4.000%8.000%
Rabun4.00%3.000%7.000%
Randolph4.00%4.000%8.000%
Richmond4.00%4.000%8.000%
Rockdale4.00%3.000%7.000%
Schley4.00%4.000%8.000%
Screven4.00%3.000%7.000%
Seminole4.00%3.000%7.000%
Spalding4.00%2.000%6.000%
Stephens4.00%3.000%7.000%
Stewart4.00%4.000%8.000%
Sumter4.00%4.000%8.000%
Talbot4.00%4.000%8.000%
Taliaferro4.00%4.000%8.000%
Tattnall4.00%4.000%8.000%
Taylor4.00%4.000%8.000%
Telfair4.00%4.000%8.000%
Terrell4.00%3.000%7.000%
Thomas4.00%3.000%7.000%
Tift4.00%3.000%7.000%
Toombs4.00%4.000%8.000%
Towns4.00%3.000%7.000%
Treutlen4.00%4.000%8.000%
Troup4.00%3.000%7.000%
Turner4.00%3.000%7.000%
Twiggs4.00%3.000%7.000%
Union4.00%3.000%7.000%
Upson4.00%3.000%7.000%
Walker4.00%3.000%7.000%
Walton4.00%3.000%7.000%
Ware4.00%3.000%7.000%
Warren4.00%4.000%8.000%
Washington4.00%4.000%8.000%
Wayne4.00%4.000%8.000%
Webster4.00%4.000%8.000%
Wheeler4.00%4.000%8.000%
White4.00%3.000%7.000%
Whitfield4.00%3.000%7.000%
Wilcox4.00%4.000%8.000%
Wilkes4.00%4.000%8.000%
Wilkinson4.00%3.000%7.000%
Worth4.00%3.000%7.000%

Note that Atlanta is the only city with its own sales tax, and, when combined with state and county sales taxes, the total sales tax there is 8%.

In general, all saleable products in Georgia are subject to the full amount of the rates listed above, but there are some exceptions. Most types of groceries are subject only to the local rates of 3% or 4%. Automobiles also have their own rules. Regardless of where in the state they are purchased, vehicles are all subject to a tax of 7% of market value (not sales price).

Georgia has two sales tax holidays, during which specific items can be purchased tax-free. In 2015, the first sales tax holiday runs from July 31-August 1, is targeted for back-to-school shopping and applies to most clothing, school supplies and computers. The second holiday runs from October 2-October 4 and applies to certain energy- and water-efficient products.

Georgia Property Tax

Since counties and cities collect real estate taxes and assess property values according to their own set of rules, the best way to evaluate property taxes is based on the amounts homeowners report paying as a percentage of actual home values. This is called the effective property tax rate.

For the entire state of Georgia, the average effective property tax rate is 0.94% (less than the national average of 1.11%). That varies by county, however. In Fulton County, the state’s most populous, the effective property tax rate is 1.16%. County rates in Georgia range from less than half a percent to over 1.35%.

Georgia Alcohol Tax

Georgia has among the highest taxes on alcoholic beverages in the country. The Peach State’s beer tax of $1.04 per 12 ounce beer is 4th highest nationally.

Georgia Gas Tax

Georgia collects gasoline taxes of 26.53 cents per gallon. That’s about three cents below the national average.

Georgia Estate Tax

As of July 1st, 2014, the state of Georgia has no estate tax.

Photo credit: flickr
  • Georgia produces more peanuts, pecans, blueberries and broilers (chickens) than any other state in the country.
  • The song “Georgia on My Mind” was originally written by Hoagy Carmichael and Stuart Gorell, and was most famously covered by Ray Charles. It is the official state song of Georgia.

Places with the Lowest Tax Burden

Are you curious how your tax burden stacks up against others in your state? SmartAsset’s interactive map highlights the counties with the lowest tax burden. Scroll over any county in the state to learn about taxes in that specific area.

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Rank County Income Tax Sales Tax Property Tax Fuel Tax

Methodology

Where you live can have a big impact on both which types of taxes you have to pay each year and how much money you spend on them. SmartAsset calculated the amount of money a specific person would pay in income, sales, property and fuel taxes in each county in the country and ranked the lowest to highest tax burden.

To better compare income tax burdens across counties, we used the national median household income. We then applied relevant deductions and exemptions before calculating federal, state and local income taxes.

In order to determine sales tax burden we estimated that 35% of take-home (after-tax) pay is spent on taxable goods. We multiplied the average sales tax rate for a county by the household income less income tax. This product is then multiplied by 35% to estimate the sales tax paid.

For property taxes, we compared the median property taxes paid in each county.

For fuel taxes, we first distributed statewide vehicle miles traveled down to the county level using the number of vehicles in each county. We then calculated the total number of licensed drivers within each county. The countywide miles were then distributed amongst the licensed drivers in the county, which gave us the miles driven per licensed driver. Using the nationwide average fuel economy, we calculated the average gallons of gas used per driver in each county and multiplied that by the fuel tax.

We then added the dollar amount for income, sales, property and fuel taxes to rank the counties to calculate a total tax burden.

Sources: US Census Bureau 2015 American Community Survey, Government Sources, Avalara, American Petroleum Institute, GasBuddy, UMTRI, Federal Highway Administration, SmartAsset

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