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Overview of Florida Taxes

Florida is known for having low taxes. Delving into the numbers, the state mostly lives up to the reputation. Despite having no income tax, there are some taxes that Florida residents still have to pay.

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Florida state tax quick facts
  • Income tax: None
  • Sales tax: 6% - 7.5%
  • Property tax: 1.1% average effective rate
  • Gas tax: 36.42 cents per gallon of regular gasoline, 33.67 cents per gallon of diesel

Florida’s official nickname is “The Sunshine State,” but it may as well be “The Low-Tax State.” That’s because Florida is the only state east of the Mississippi that doesn’t collect income taxes of any kind. At the same time the state charges a sales tax rate of 6%, close to the 5.75% median among all states. There are, however, some taxes that are higher in Florida than elsewhere. Florida’s gas tax is among the highest in the country.

Florida Has No State Income Tax

Come April 15, taxpayers in Florida can kick back and enjoy the sunshine (well, after they file their federal taxes). No state income tax means no state income tax return. It means there’s no need to research special state deductions and credits. For high income earners, it means there is a huge incentive to take their talents to South Beach.

Florida Sales Tax

The statewide sales tax rate in Florida is 6%. Additionally, some counties also collect their own sales taxes, ranging from 0.5% to 1.5%, which means that actual rates paid in Florida may be as high as 7.5%. According to the Tax Foundation, however, the average sales tax rate, even when including those additional county rates, is just 6.62%, 29th highest in the country. There is no sales tax charged at the city level in Florida. Here are the combined state and local sales tax rates for each of Florida’s counties.

Sales Tax Rates (Updated January 2016)

CountyState RateCountyTotal Sales Tax
Alachua6.00%0.00%6.00%
Baker6.00%1.00%7.00%
Bay6.00%0.50%6.50%
Bradford6.00%1.00%7.00%
Brevard6.00%0.50%6.50%
Broward6.00%0.00%6.00%
Calhoun6.00%1.50%7.50%
Charlotte6.00%1.00%7.00%
Citrus6.00%0.00%6.00%
Clay6.00%1.00%7.00%
Collier6.00%0.00%6.00%
Columbia6.00%1.00%7.00%
DeSoto6.00%1.50%7.50%
Dixie6.00%1.00%7.00%
Duval6.00%1.00%7.00%
Escambia6.00%1.50%7.50%
Flagler6.00%1.00%7.00%
Franklin6.00%1.00%7.00%
Gadsden6.00%1.50%7.50%
Gilchrist6.00%1.00%7.00%
Glades6.00%1.00%7.00%
Gulf6.00%1.00%7.00%
Hamilton6.00%1.00%7.00%
Hardee6.00%1.00%7.00%
Hendry6.00%1.00%7.00%
Hernando6.00%0.00%6.00%
Highlands6.00%1.00%7.00%
Hillsborough6.00%1.00%7.00%
Holmes6.00%1.00%7.00%
Indian River6.00%1.00%7.00%
Jackson6.00%1.50%7.50%
Jefferson6.00%1.00%7.00%
Lafayette6.00%1.00%7.00%
Lake6.00%1.00%7.00%
Lee6.00%0.00%6.00%
Leon6.00%1.50%7.50%
Levy6.00%1.00%7.00%
Liberty6.00%1.50%7.50%
Madison6.00%1.50%7.50%
Manatee6.00%0.50%6.50%
Marion6.00%0.00%6.00%
Martin6.00%0.00%6.00%
Miami-Dade6.00%1.00%7.00%
Monroe6.00%1.50%7.50%
Nassau6.00%1.00%7.00%
Okaloosa6.00%0.00%6.00%
Okeechobee6.00%1.00%7.00%
Orange6.00%0.50%6.50%
Osceola6.00%1.00%7.00%
Palm Beach6.00%0.00%6.00%
Pasco6.00%1.00%7.00%
Pinellas6.00%1.00%7.00%
Polk6.00%1.00%7.00%
Putnam6.00%1.00%7.00%
Santa Rosa6.00%0.50%6.50%
Sarasota6.00%1.00%7.00%
Seminole6.00%1.00%7.00%
St. Johns6.00%0.00%6.00%
St. Lucie6.00%0.50%6.50%
Sumter6.00%1.00%7.00%
Suwannee6.00%1.00%7.00%
Taylor6.00%1.00%7.00%
Union6.00%1.00%7.00%
Volusia6.00%0.50%6.50%
Wakulla6.00%1.00%7.00%
Walton6.00%1.50%7.50%
Washington6.00%1.00%7.00%
Preble5.75%0.25%6.00%
Putnam5.75%1.25%7.00%
Richland5.75%0.25%6.00%
Ross5.75%0.25%6.00%
Sandusky5.75%0.25%6.00%
Scioto5.75%0.25%6.00%
Seneca5.75%0.25%6.00%
Shelby5.75%0.25%6.00%
Stark5.75%0.25%6.00%
Summit5.75%0.25%6.00%
Trumbull5.75%0.25%6.00%
Tuscarawas5.75%0.25%6.00%
Union5.75%1.25%7.00%
Van Wert5.75%0.25%6.00%
Vinton5.75%0.25%6.00%
Warren5.75%0.25%6.00%
Washington5.75%1.25%7.00%
Wayne5.75%0.25%6.00%
Williams5.75%0.25%6.00%
Wood5.75%0.25%6.00%
Wyandot5.75%0.25%6.00%

Most consumer products are subject to these tax rates, including all electronics, clothing, cleaning supplies and furniture. However, most groceries and medicine are exempt. Additionally, some services may require payment of the sales tax. For example, admission to one of Florida’s famous amusement parks is taxable, as are detective services and many rental services.

Like most states, Florida also enforces a use tax. That means that if you buy a product outside of the state and no tax is collected on that purchase, you are required to file a Sales and Use Tax Return with the Florida Department of Revenue.

Florida Property Tax

If you’re thinking about buying a beach house somewhere along Florida’s 8,436 miles of ocean shoreline, you’ll want to take property taxes into account when deciding what you can afford. Florida’s average effective property tax rate is 1.1%, 19th highest in the country. That means that, on average, Floridians pay 1.1% of their home’s value in property taxes.

Because property tax is only collected at the county level in Florida, it ranges significantly depending on where you live. In Miami-Dade County, for example, effective rates are 1.27% of home value. That means if you own a home worth $300,000, you could expect to pay around $3,810 in property taxes annually.

Florida Communication Services Tax

In addition to the above taxes, Florida also collects a special tax on communication services on all phone, internet and television services. The total tax rate is 9.17%, but service providers are only allowed to directly bill consumers for 6.65% of that. For satellite-based services like DirecTV, the rate is even higher at 10.8%. So, if you are a big spender on high-speed internet, multiple phone lines and the top-of-the-line cable TV packages, expect a slightly higher price-tag when it comes time to pay up.

Florida Gas Tax

Florida has one of the highest gas taxes in the nation. Floridians pay 36.42 cents per gallon in state fees and taxes on gasoline.

Florida Estate Tax

If you’re looking to pass on that beach house in Miami to your heirs, you can rest easy: as of December 31, 2004, there’s no estate tax in Florida.

Florida Alcohol Tax

Florida’s taxes on alcohol are among the highest in the U.S. The Sunshine State’s tax on beer is 48 cents per gallon, 9th highest in America, and the tax on spirits is $6.50 per gallon, 19th highest.

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  • The average low temperature in Miami in the month of July is 77° Fahrenheit.
  • Florida produces about 70% of the nation’s oranges.
  • In 2013, there were 23 shark attacks in Florida, most of any state in the country.

Places with the Lowest Tax Burden

Are you curious how your tax burden stacks up against others in your state? SmartAsset’s interactive map highlights the counties with the lowest tax burden. Scroll over any county in the state to learn about taxes in that specific area.

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Methodology

Where you live can have a big impact on both which types of taxes you have to pay each year and how much money you spend on them. SmartAsset calculated the amount of money a specific person would pay in income, sales, property and fuel taxes in each county in the country and ranked the lowest to highest tax burden.

To better compare income tax burdens across counties, we used the national median household income. We then applied relevant deductions and exemptions before calculating federal, state and local income taxes.

In order to determine sales tax burden we estimated that 35% of take-home (after-tax) pay is spent on taxable goods. We multiplied the average sales tax rate for a county by the household income less income tax. This product is then multiplied by 35% to estimate the sales tax paid.

For property taxes, we compared the median property taxes paid in each county.

For fuel taxes, we first distributed statewide vehicle miles traveled down to the county level using the number of vehicles in each county. We then calculated the total number of licensed drivers within each county. The countywide miles were then distributed amongst the licensed drivers in the county, which gave us the miles driven per licensed driver. Using the nationwide average fuel economy, we calculated the average gallons of gas used per driver in each county and multiplied that by the fuel tax.

We then added the dollar amount for income, sales, property and fuel taxes to rank the counties to calculate a total tax burden.

Sources: US Census Bureau 2015 American Community Survey, Government Sources, Avalara, American Petroleum Institute, GasBuddy, UMTRI, Federal Highway Administration, SmartAsset

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