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Overview of Texas Taxes

Texas is often considered tax-friendly because the state does not collect any income tax. But there are other taxes that those in Texas have to pay.

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Texas state tax quick facts
  • Income tax: none
  • Sales tax: 6.25% - 8.25%
  • Property tax: 1.94% average effective rate
  • Gas tax: 20 cents per gallon (regular and diesel)

The Lone Star state is one of seven that collect no income taxes of any kind. For that reason, it often ranks high for its tax-friendly policies, but its sales and property taxes aren’t quite as kind to the average taxpayer’s wallet. In fact, according to the Tax Foundation, its combined state and average local sales tax rate is 8.15%, 11th highest in the country, and its average effective property tax rate of 1.94% is higher than all but three states.

Texas Has No Income Tax

Don’t mess with Texas—and once you’re there, don’t mess with a state income tax return either. It is one of seven states with no taxes on income of any kind.

Texas Sales Tax

While Texas’s statewide sales tax rate is a relatively moderate 6.25%, total sales taxes (including county and city taxes) of up to 8.25% are allowed, and in most major cities this limit is reached. Dallas, Houston and San Antonio all have combined state and local sales tax rates of 8.25%, for example. Here are the rates for every county in Texas, as well as the major cities. (Note that while most of Austin is subject to the 8.25% sales tax listed below, the part of the city that lies in Hays County, and not Travis or Williamson counties, will be under a lower rate of 7.25%.)

Sales Tax Rates (Updated January 2016)

CountyState RateCounty RateTotal Sales Tax
Anderson6.25%0.500%6.75%
Andrews6.25%0.000%6.25%
Angelina6.25%0.500%6.75%
Aransas6.25%0.500%6.75%
Archer6.25%0.500%6.75%
Armstrong6.25%0.000%6.25%
Atascosa6.25%0.500%6.75%
Austin6.25%0.500%6.75%
Bailey6.25%0.500%6.75%
Bandera6.25%0.500%6.75%
Bastrop6.25%0.500%6.75%
Baylor6.25%0.000%6.25%
Bee6.25%0.500%6.75%
Bell6.25%0.500%6.75%
Bexar6.25%0.000%6.25%
Blanco6.25%0.500%6.75%
Borden6.25%0.000%6.25%
Bosque6.25%0.500%6.75%
Bowie6.25%0.500%6.75%
Brazoria6.25%0.500%6.75%
Brazos6.25%0.500%6.75%
Brewster6.25%0.500%6.75%
Briscoe6.25%0.000%6.25%
Brooks6.25%0.000%6.25%
Brown6.25%0.000%6.25%
Burleson6.25%0.500%6.75%
Burnet6.25%0.000%6.25%
Caldwell6.25%0.500%6.75%
Calhoun6.25%0.500%6.75%
Callahan6.25%0.000%6.25%
Cameron6.25%0.000%6.25%
Camp6.25%0.500%6.75%
Carson6.25%0.000%6.25%
Cass6.25%0.000%6.25%
Castro6.25%0.500%6.75%
Chambers6.25%0.000%6.25%
Cherokee6.25%0.500%6.75%
Childress6.25%0.500%6.75%
Clay6.25%0.000%6.25%
Cochran6.25%0.000%6.25%
Coke6.25%0.000%6.25%
Coleman6.25%0.000%6.25%
Collin6.25%0.000%6.25%
Collingsworth6.25%0.000%6.25%
Colorado6.25%0.500%6.75%
Comal6.25%0.500%6.75%
Comanche6.25%0.500%6.75%
Concho6.25%0.500%6.75%
Cooke6.25%0.500%6.75%
Coryell6.25%0.500%6.75%
Cottle6.25%0.000%6.25%
Crane6.25%0.000%6.25%
Crockett6.25%0.000%6.25%
Crosby6.25%0.500%6.75%
Culberson6.25%0.000%6.25%
Dallam6.25%0.000%6.25%
Dallas6.25%0.000%6.25%
Dawson6.25%0.500%6.75%
Deaf Smith6.25%0.500%6.75%
Delta6.25%0.500%6.75%
Denton6.25%0.000%6.25%
DeWitt6.25%0.000%6.25%
Dickens6.25%0.500%6.75%
Dimmit6.25%0.500%6.75%
Donley6.25%0.000%6.25%
Duval6.25%0.000%6.25%
Eastland6.25%0.000%6.25%
Ector6.25%0.000%6.25%
Edwards6.25%0.000%6.25%
El Paso6.25%0.500%6.75%
Ellis6.25%0.000%6.25%
Erath6.25%0.500%6.75%
Falls6.25%0.500%6.75%
Fannin6.25%0.500%6.75%
Fayette6.25%0.500%6.75%
Fisher6.25%0.000%6.25%
Floyd6.25%0.000%6.25%
Foard6.25%0.000%6.25%
Fort Bend6.25%0.000%6.25%
Franklin6.25%0.500%6.75%
Freestone6.25%0.000%6.25%
Frio6.25%0.500%6.75%
Gaines6.25%0.000%6.25%
Galveston6.25%0.000%6.25%
Garza6.25%0.000%6.25%
Gillespie6.25%0.500%6.75%
Glasscock6.25%0.000%6.25%
Goliad6.25%0.000%6.25%
Gonzales6.25%0.500%6.75%
Gray6.25%0.000%6.25%
Grayson6.25%0.000%6.25%
Gregg6.25%0.500%6.75%
Grimes6.25%0.500%6.75%
Guadalupe6.25%0.500%6.75%
Hale6.25%0.500%6.75%
Hall6.25%0.000%6.25%
Hamilton6.25%0.500%6.75%
Hansford6.25%0.000%6.25%
Hardeman6.25%0.500%6.75%
Hardin6.25%0.000%6.25%
Harris6.25%0.000%6.25%
Harrison6.25%0.000%6.25%
Hartley6.25%0.000%6.25%
Haskell6.25%0.000%6.25%
Hays6.25%0.500%6.75%
Hemphill6.25%0.000%6.25%
Henderson6.25%0.000%6.25%
Hidalgo6.25%0.000%6.25%
Hill6.25%0.500%6.75%
Hockley6.25%0.000%6.25%
Hood6.25%0.500%6.75%
Hopkins6.25%0.500%6.75%
Houston6.25%0.500%6.75%
Howard6.25%0.000%6.25%
Hudspeth6.25%0.000%6.25%
Hunt6.25%0.500%6.75%
Hutchinson6.25%0.000%6.25%
Irion6.25%0.000%6.25%
Jack6.25%0.000%6.25%
Jackson6.25%0.500%6.75%
Jasper6.25%0.000%6.25%
Jeff Davis6.25%0.500%6.75%
Jefferson6.25%0.500%6.75%
Jim Hogg6.25%0.500%6.75%
Jim Wells6.25%0.500%6.75%
Johnson6.25%0.000%6.25%
Jones6.25%0.000%6.25%
Karnes6.25%0.500%6.75%
Kaufman6.25%0.000%6.25%
Kendall6.25%0.500%6.75%
Kenedy6.25%0.000%6.25%
Kent6.25%0.000%6.25%
Kerr6.25%0.500%6.75%
Kimble6.25%0.000%6.25%
King6.25%0.000%6.25%
Kinney6.25%0.500%6.75%
Kleberg6.25%0.500%6.75%
Knox6.25%0.000%6.25%
La Salle6.25%0.000%6.25%
Lamar6.25%0.500%6.75%
Lamb6.25%0.000%6.25%
Lampasas6.25%0.500%6.75%
Lavaca6.25%0.000%6.25%
Lee6.25%0.500%6.75%
Leon6.25%0.500%6.75%
Liberty6.25%0.500%6.75%
Limestone6.25%0.000%6.25%
Lipscomb6.25%0.000%6.25%
Live Oak6.25%0.500%6.75%
Llano6.25%0.000%6.25%
Loving6.25%0.000%6.25%
Lubbock6.25%0.500%6.75%
Lynn6.25%0.500%6.75%
Madison6.25%0.500%6.75%
Marion6.25%0.500%6.75%
Martin6.25%0.000%6.25%
Mason6.25%0.000%6.25%
Matagorda6.25%0.000%6.25%
Maverick6.25%0.500%6.75%
McCulloch6.25%0.500%6.75%
McLennan6.25%0.500%6.75%
McMullen6.25%0.000%6.25%
Medina6.25%0.500%6.75%
Menard6.25%0.500%6.75%
Midland6.25%0.500%6.75%
Milam6.25%0.500%6.75%
Mills6.25%0.000%6.25%
Mitchell6.25%0.500%6.75%
Montague6.25%0.000%6.25%
Montgomery6.25%0.000%6.25%
Moore6.25%0.000%6.25%
Morris6.25%0.500%6.75%
Motley6.25%0.000%6.25%
Nacogdoches6.25%0.000%6.25%
Navarro6.25%0.500%6.75%
Newton6.25%0.000%6.25%
Nolan6.25%0.000%6.25%
Nueces6.25%0.000%6.25%
Ochiltree6.25%0.000%6.25%
Oldham6.25%0.500%6.75%
Orange6.25%0.500%6.75%
Palo Pinto6.25%0.500%6.75%
Panola6.25%0.000%6.25%
Parker6.25%0.500%6.75%
Parmer6.25%0.000%6.25%
Pecos6.25%0.000%6.25%
Polk6.25%0.500%6.75%
Potter6.25%0.000%6.25%
Presidio6.25%0.000%6.25%
Rains6.25%0.500%6.75%
Randall6.25%0.000%6.25%
Reagan6.25%0.500%6.75%
Real6.25%0.500%6.75%
Red River6.25%0.500%6.75%
Reeves6.25%0.000%6.25%
Refugio6.25%0.000%6.25%
Roberts6.25%0.000%6.25%
Robertson6.25%0.000%6.25%
Rockwall6.25%0.000%6.25%
Runnels6.25%0.500%6.75%
Rusk6.25%0.000%6.25%
Sabine6.25%0.500%6.75%
San Augustine6.25%0.500%6.75%
San Jacinto6.25%0.500%6.75%
San Patricio6.25%0.000%6.25%
San Saba6.25%0.500%6.75%
Schleicher6.25%0.500%6.75%
Scurry6.25%0.500%6.75%
Shackelford6.25%0.000%6.25%
Shelby6.25%0.000%6.25%
Sherman6.25%0.000%6.25%
Smith6.25%0.500%6.75%
Somervell6.25%0.000%6.25%
Starr6.25%0.000%6.25%
Stephens6.25%0.000%6.25%
Sterling6.25%0.000%6.25%
Stonewall6.25%0.000%6.25%
Sutton6.25%0.000%6.25%
Swisher6.25%0.500%6.75%
Tarrant6.25%0.000%6.25%
Taylor6.25%0.000%6.25%
Terrell6.25%1.500%7.75%
Terry6.25%0.500%6.75%
Throckmorton6.25%0.000%6.25%
Titus6.25%0.500%6.75%
Tom Green6.25%0.500%6.75%
Travis6.25%0.000%6.25%
Trinity6.25%0.000%6.25%
Tyler6.25%0.500%6.75%
Upshur6.25%0.500%6.75%
Upton6.25%0.000%6.25%
Uvalde6.25%0.500%6.75%
Val Verde6.25%0.500%6.75%
Van Zandt6.25%0.000%6.25%
Victoria6.25%0.500%6.75%
Walker6.25%0.500%6.75%
Waller6.25%0.000%6.25%
Ward6.25%0.000%6.25%
Washington6.25%0.500%6.75%
Webb6.25%0.500%6.75%
Wharton6.25%0.500%6.75%
Wheeler6.25%0.000%6.25%
Wichita6.25%0.000%6.25%
Wilbarger6.25%0.500%6.75%
Willacy6.25%0.000%6.25%
Williamson6.25%0.000%6.25%
Wilson6.25%0.000%6.25%
Winkler6.25%0.500%6.75%
Wise6.25%0.500%6.75%
Wood6.25%0.500%6.75%
Yoakum6.25%0.000%6.25%
Young6.25%0.500%6.75%
Zapata6.25%0.000%6.25%
Zavala6.25%0.000%6.25%
CityState RateCounty + City RateTotal Sales Tax
Abilene6.25%2.000%8.25%
Allen6.25%2.000%8.25%
Amarillo6.25%2.000%8.25%
Arlington6.25%1.750%8.00%
Austin6.25%2.000%8.25%
Baytown6.25%2.000%8.25%
Beaumont6.25%2.000%8.25%
Bedford6.25%2.000%8.25%
Big Spring6.25%2.000%8.25%
Brownsville6.25%2.000%8.25%
Bryan6.25%2.000%8.25%
Burleson6.25%2.000%8.25%
Carrollton6.25%2.000%8.25%
Cedar Hill6.25%2.000%8.25%
Cedar Park6.25%2.000%8.25%
Cleburne6.25%1.500%7.75%
College Station6.25%2.000%8.25%
Conroe6.25%2.000%8.25%
Coppell6.25%2.000%8.25%
Copperas Cove6.25%2.000%8.25%
Corpus Christi6.25%2.000%8.25%
Dallas6.25%2.000%8.25%
Deer Park6.25%2.000%8.25%
Del Rio6.25%2.000%8.25%
Denton6.25%2.000%8.25%
DeSoto6.25%2.000%8.25%
Duncanville6.25%2.000%8.25%
Edinburg6.25%2.000%8.25%
El Paso6.25%2.000%8.25%
Euless6.25%2.000%8.25%
Farmers Branch6.25%2.000%8.25%
Flower Mound6.25%2.000%8.25%
Fort Worth6.25%2.000%8.25%
Friendswood6.25%1.500%7.75%
Frisco6.25%2.000%8.25%
Galveston6.25%2.000%8.25%
Garland6.25%2.000%8.25%
Georgetown6.25%2.000%8.25%
Grand Prairie6.25%2.000%8.25%
Grapevine6.25%2.000%8.25%
Haltom City6.25%2.000%8.25%
Harlingen6.25%2.000%8.25%
Houston6.25%2.000%8.25%
Huntsville6.25%2.000%8.25%
Hurst6.25%2.000%8.25%
Irving6.25%2.000%8.25%
Keller6.25%2.000%8.25%
Killeen6.25%2.000%8.25%
Kyle6.25%2.000%8.25%
La Porte6.25%2.000%8.25%
Lancaster6.25%2.000%8.25%
Laredo6.25%2.000%8.25%
League City6.25%1.750%8.00%
Leander6.25%2.000%8.25%
Lewisville6.25%2.000%8.25%
Little Elm6.25%2.000%8.25%
Longview6.25%2.000%8.25%
Lubbock6.25%2.000%8.25%
Lufkin6.25%2.000%8.25%
Mansfield6.25%2.000%8.25%
McAllen6.25%2.000%8.25%
McKinney6.25%2.000%8.25%
Mesquite6.25%2.000%8.25%
Midland6.25%2.000%8.25%
Mission6.25%2.000%8.25%
Missouri City6.25%2.000%8.25%
Nacogdoches6.25%2.000%8.25%
New Braunfels6.25%2.000%8.25%
North Richland Hills6.25%2.000%8.25%
Odessa6.25%2.000%8.25%
Pasadena6.25%2.000%8.25%
Pearland6.25%2.000%8.25%
Pflugerville6.25%2.000%8.25%
Pharr6.25%2.000%8.25%
Plano6.25%2.000%8.25%
Port Arthur6.25%2.000%8.25%
Richardson6.25%2.000%8.25%
Rockwall6.25%2.000%8.25%
Rosenberg6.25%2.000%8.25%
Round Rock6.25%2.000%8.25%
Rowlett6.25%2.000%8.25%
San Angelo6.25%2.000%8.25%
San Antonio6.25%2.000%8.25%
San Juan6.25%2.000%8.25%
San Marcos6.25%2.000%8.25%
Schertz6.25%2.000%8.25%
Sherman6.25%2.000%8.25%
Socorro6.25%2.000%8.25%
Sugar Land6.25%2.000%8.25%
Temple6.25%2.000%8.25%
Texarkana6.25%2.000%8.25%
Texas City6.25%2.000%8.25%
The Colony6.25%2.000%8.25%
Tyler6.25%2.000%8.25%
Victoria6.25%2.000%8.25%
Waco6.25%2.000%8.25%
Waxahachie6.25%2.000%8.25%
Weslaco6.25%2.000%8.25%
Wichita Falls6.25%2.000%8.25%
Wylie6.25%2.000%8.25%

Texas also charges a number of additional fees and taxes on the sales of certain goods. Notable examples include its hotel occupancy tax which is 6% the cost of a hotel room and a manufactured housing tax of 3.25% the house’s sale price.

Some services are also subject to sales tax in Texas. Among the types of services for which you might have to pay sales tax are entertainment like live music or movie tickets, television service (whether cable or satellite), internet access (although the first $25 of your internet bill is exempt) and any kind of automobile parking or storage services.

Texas Alcohol and Tobacco Taxes

Texas has a tax of 8.25% on all alcoholic beverages and a tax on tobacco products that totals $1.41 for a pack of cigarettes.

Texas Property Tax

Property taxes in Texas are among the highest in the country, with effective rates averaging 1.94%. In fact, rates have become a contentious issue between local governments and the state: some state representatives want to cap rates, while cities and counties oppose that measure. That’s because, in most areas, property taxes are the primary source of local revenue.

In Dallas County, for example, the average effective rate is 2.19%. (Note: effective rates are property taxes as a percentage of the home’s market value. Most areas charge actual rates based on a property’s “taxable value,” which is determined by the taxing authority, usually based on but not equal to market value.) In Harris County, where Houston is located, the average effective property tax rate is nearly 2.3%. That means thousands of dollars a year in property taxes for the typical Texas homeowner.

Texas Gasoline Tax

According the American Petroleum Institute, state fees and taxes on purchases of regular gasoline in Texas total 20 cents per gallon. That’s ninth lowest in the country.

Texas Estate Tax

As of January 1, 2005, there is no inheritance tax in Texas. Estates with a date of death before then must still pay the previously existing tax however.

Other Notable Taxes in Texas

Texas has an oyster sales fee. Shellfish dealers in Texas are required to pay a tax of $1 per 300 pounds of oysters taken from Texas waters.

Photo credit: flickr
  • Cameron County, Texas is located at 26.15° North, and contains the most southern point along the US-Mexico border.
  • Three of the ten most populous cities in the country are in Texas.
  • In 2014, Texas produced more oil than any country in the world except Saudi Arabia.

Places with the Lowest Tax Burden

Are you curious how your tax burden stacks up against others in your state? SmartAsset’s interactive map highlights the counties with the lowest tax burden. Scroll over any county in the state to learn about taxes in that specific area.

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Rank County Income Tax Sales Tax Property Tax Fuel Tax

Methodology

Where you live can have a big impact on both which types of taxes you have to pay each year and how much money you spend on them. SmartAsset calculated the amount of money a specific person would pay in income, sales, property and fuel taxes in each county in the country and ranked the lowest to highest tax burden.

To better compare income tax burdens across counties, we used the national median household income. We then applied relevant deductions and exemptions before calculating federal, state and local income taxes.

In order to determine sales tax burden we estimated that 35% of take-home (after-tax) pay is spent on taxable goods. We multiplied the average sales tax rate for a county by the household income less income tax. This product is then multiplied by 35% to estimate the sales tax paid.

For property taxes, we compared the median property taxes paid in each county.

For fuel taxes, we first distributed statewide vehicle miles traveled down to the county level using the number of vehicles in each county. We then calculated the total number of licensed drivers within each county. The countywide miles were then distributed amongst the licensed drivers in the county, which gave us the miles driven per licensed driver. Using the nationwide average fuel economy, we calculated the average gallons of gas used per driver in each county and multiplied that by the fuel tax.

We then added the dollar amount for income, sales, property and fuel taxes to rank the counties to calculate a total tax burden.

Sources: US Census Bureau 2015 American Community Survey, Government Sources, Avalara, American Petroleum Institute, GasBuddy, UMTRI, Federal Highway Administration, SmartAsset

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