Email FacebookTwitterMenu burgerClose thin

Rhode Island Estate Tax


The top rate for the Rhode Island estate tax is 16%. It kicks in for estates worth more than $1,774,583 if the death occurred in 2024. If you live in Rhode Island and are thinking about estate planning, this guide has the information you need to get started, but professional help in the form of a financial advisor can help you whether your planning an estate or dealing with other financial planning issues. SmartAsset’s free financial advisor matching tool can help you find advisors who serve your area.

Rhode Island Estate Tax Exemption

The 2024 estate tax threshold for Rhode Island is $1,774,583. If your estate is worth less than that, you owe nothing to the state of Rhode Island. If it is worth more than that, there is a progressive ladder of tax rates that will determine how much is owed on the entire value of the estate.

As of Jan. 2022, the state requires the estates of all decedents to file Form RI-706 if they died on or after Jan. 1, 2015. This is regardless of if their estate is being taxed by Rhode Island or not.

Rhode Island Estate Tax Rate

The estate tax rate for Rhode Island is graduated and marginal. The full list of rates can be found in the table below. Start by finding your taxable estate bracket. The second column will show the base taxes owed on the money that falls below your bracket. Then, subtract the bottom of your bracket from your total taxable estate and multiply that number by the marginal rate. Then add the answer to the base taxes, and you’re left with your total estate tax burden.

Here’s an example: Let’s say your total estate is worth $3,000,000. This places it above the 2024 threshold of $1,774,583, meaning you owe estate taxes to Rhode Island. First start by finding what bracket your estate’s value falls within, which in this case is the one that ranges from $2,540,000 to $3,004,000. According to the table, the base taxes owed on your estate are $146,800. To determine the rest, you’ll then subtract your $3,000,000 total estate value from the bottom of the bracket, which is $2,540,000. That leaves you with $460,000 being taxed at the bracket’s rate of 8.8%, which is $40,480. Finally, add $40,480 to your base taxes, and your estate will owe $187,280 in total.

Rhode Island Estate Tax Rates

Taxable EstateBase Taxes PaidMarginal Rate
$1 – $40,000$00%
$40,000 – $90,000$00.8%
$90,000 – $140,000$4001.6%
$140,000 – $240,000$1,2002.4%
$240,000 – $440,000$3,6003.2%
$440,000 – $640,000$10,0004.0%
$640,000 – $840,000$18,0004.8%
$840,000 – $1.04 million$27,6005.6%
$1.04 million – $1.54 million$38,8006.4%
$1.54 million – $2.04 million$70,8007.2%
$2.04 million – $2.54 million$106,8008.0%
$2.54 million – $3.04 million$146,8008.8%
$3.04 million – $3.54 million$190,8009.6%
$3.54 million – $4.04 million$238,80010.4%
$4.04 million – $5.04 million$290,80011.2%
$5.04 million – $6.04 million$402,80012.0%
$6.04 million – $7.04 million$522,80012.8%
$7.04 million – $8.04 million$650,80013.6%
$8.04 million – $9.04 million$786,80014.4%
$9.04 million – $10.04 million$930,80015.2%
$10.04 million and up$1,082,80016.0%

Note: The chart above shows no taxes owed on the first $40,000 of taxable income because of a system of tax credits from the state.

What Is the Estate Tax?

The estate tax is a tax some states and the federal government levy on the estates of wealthy people after they die but before the money is passed on to their heirs. It is sometimes called the “death tax.”

Don’t confuse the estate tax with the inheritance tax, which is a separate tax some states levy on recipients of an inheritance after they’ve received the money.

Rhode Island Inheritance Tax and Gift Tax

What You Need to Know About the Rhode Island Estate Tax

There is no inheritance tax in Rhode Island. It is possible, though, that the laws of another state could apply to you if the person passing money on to you died there. In Pennsylvania, for example, the inheritance tax applies to out of state heirs for in-state decedents.

Rhode Island also has no gift tax. The federal gift tax has an exemption of $18,000 per person in 2024 and $17,000 in 2023. Any gift worth more than that to one person in a single year will count against your 2024 lifetime exemption of $13.61 million.

Rhode Island Estate Tax for Married Couples

The Rhode Island estate tax is not portable between spouses. This means that when both members of a married couple die, only a single exemption of $1,774,583 applies, not double that figure.

Federal Estate Tax

There is also a federal estate tax that may apply. The federal estate tax exemption is $13.61 million in 2024, up from $12.92 million in 2023. The federal exemption is portable between spouses. This allows a married couple to protect up to $27.22 million after both spouses have died, assuming the right legal steps are taken.

If an estate exceeds the exemption, the federal estate tax rate starts at 18% and goes up 40%. A full chart of federal estate tax rates is below. You can use the same method described in the Rhode Island Estate Tax section to figure out your federal estate tax burden.

Federal Estate Tax Rates

Taxable Estate*Base Taxes PaidMarginal RateRate Threshold**
$1 – $10,000$018%$1
$10,000 – $20,000$1,80020%$10,000
$20,000 – $40,000$3,80022%$20,000
$40,000 – $60,000$8,20024%$40,000
$60,000 – $80,000$13,00026%$60,000
$80,000 – $100,000$18,20028%$80,000
$100,000 – $150,000$23,80030%$100,000
$150,000 – $250,000$38,80032%$150,000
$250,000 – $500,000$70,80034%$250,000
$500,000 – $750,000$155,80037%$500,000
$750,000 – $1 million$248,30039%$750,000
Over $1 million$345,80040%$1 million

*The taxable estate is the total above the 2024 exemption of $13.61 million.
**The rate threshold is the point at which the marginal estate tax rate kicks in.

Overall Rhode Island Tax Picture

What You Need to Know About the Rhode Island Estate Tax

Rhode Island income taxes are in line with the national average. The state has a progressive income tax rate ranging from 3.75% to 5.99%. You can use our Rhode Island paycheck calculator to see what your take home pay will be after taxes. The state is not a very tax-friendly state for retirees: Social Security is partially taxed, while retirement accounts and pensions are both fully taxed.

The average effective property tax rate in Rhode Island is 1.53%, which is just outside the top 10 highest in the country.

Estate Planning Tips

  • Whether you’re estate planning or working on another element of financial planning, it can be helpful to work with a financial advisor. Finding a financial advisor doesn’t have to be hard. SmartAsset’s free tool matches you with up to three vetted financial advisors who serve your area, and you can have a free introductory call with your advisor matches to decide which one you feel is right for you. If you’re ready to find an advisor who can help you achieve your financial goals, get started now.
  • Don’t forget about beneficiaries. Assets like retirement accounts and life insurance are passed on to beneficiaries that you must select. When you’re planning your estate, it’s a good idea to double check that you’ve selected beneficiaries and they’re still current.
  • Planning your estate may not be fun, but even after you are done its important not to forget about it. When major life events happen, make sure you update your will to include any new relevant details.

Photo credit: ©, SmartAsset, ©