If you’re part of the roughly 60% of Americans who pay someone else to prepare their tax return, then there’s a good chance that you’ve had to make more than one visit to the preparer’s office because you forgot something. Since preparing taxes happens only once a year, we’ve put together a little refresher to help you gather all the documents you need beforehand.
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Even if you’ll be returning to the same tax preparer you’ve used for years, it’s always wise to bring along some identification. This is especially important if you plan on requesting a refund anticipation loan (rapid refund), since preparers are required to keep a copy of your current ID on file.
It’s always a good idea to bring Social Security cards for yourself, your spouse and any dependents rather than trying to recite them from memory. A mistake of even a single digit will result in your return being rejected, and that can mean a delay in getting any refund you are entitled to.
Proof of Income
Your income tax return must reflect all of your income – not just most of it or what you remember. This is important because any income that doesn’t make it onto your return can result in penalties and interest for under-reported and under-paid taxes.
For tax purposes, income is any money you receive from any source that is not a gift. This includes social security, retirement benefits, sale of real estate, investments (including dividends), bank interest, alimony, gambling and, of course, wages. Income from your job, or jobs, will be reflected on W-2s. All other sources of income, such as money earned as an independent contractor, will be reported on a 1099 of one form or another.
Some often overlooked sources of income that you will need to have documentation for are:
- Foreign earned income
- Rental income
- Income from hobbies
- Debt that has been forgiven
Proof of Expenses
Many people don’t itemize their returns and therefore fail to bring proof of expenses with them to the tax preparer. This is a bad practice, as any deductible expenses that you have which are greater than the standard deduction will reduce the amount of taxes you owe or increase the size of your refund. For tax year 2019 (what you’ll file in early 2020), the standard deduction is $12,200 for individuals, $12,400 for married couples filing jointly and $18,350 for those filing as head of household. Tax-deductible expenses that can lower your tax burden include:
- Self-employment expenses, such as mileage and equipment
- Un-reimbursed employee business expenses, such as travel and client meals
- Certain education expenses related to your job
- Medical expenses (over 10% of your adjusted gross income)
- Charitable contributions, including non-cash donations, such as clothes or food
- Mortgage interest
- IRA contributions
- Union dues
- The cost of last year’s tax preparation
Proof of Losses
Losses occur as a result of things like natural disasters, fire, theft and other unexpected catastrophes. Bring along proof of the event in the form of police or fire reports, insurance claims and other official documentation that spells out what occurred and when. If you’ve received partial payment in the form of insurance or federal or state disaster relief, bring that along as well.
There are two reasons you should bring blank checks along to your tax preparation appointment: if you owe, it’s a good idea to write the check right there and mail your payment in when you leave the office, and if you’ll be receiving a refund and would like it directly deposited into your bank account, you have the information on hand.
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