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annuity due“Annuity due” is a financial term that you may encounter when you are borrowing money, paying rent, saving for retirement or purchasing an annuity. Annuity due means that a payment is due at the beginning of the time period in question. That distinguishes it from ordinary annuity, which means the payment is due at the end of the period rather than at the beginning. 

Either term can apply to money you are paying, such as your bills. They can also apply to money that others pay to you, such as payments from a retirement annuity.

Annuity Due Types

A common instance in which you might encounter an annuity due is if you are leasing something. If you’re renting an apartment or leasing a car, the payment is generally due on the first of the month. Since it’s an annuity due, the payment covers the following month, not the previous one.

An insurance premium is another common type of annuity due. When you pay the premium for your home or car insurance, you’re paying for the next month, six months, year or other period, not the one that just ended.

An ordinary annuity, on the other hand, is a payment you make at the end of a period. This means it covers the period prior to the payment. As the name suggests, is the more common of the two types. Examples of ordinary annuities include home mortgages, because you pay for the month preceding the payment due date.

A stock dividend is also set up as an ordinary annuity. However, instead of paying someone else as you would with your mortgage, you are the one receiving a payment. When you receive a stock dividend, it is for the previous quarter.

Interest on bonds follows the same idea. When you receive interest on a bond you own it is for the period prior to the payment date. In the case of bond interest, this period is usually semiannual.

Payment amount and frequency are a critical fact to keep in mind as well. Both ordinary annuity and annuity due payments are equal in amount and occur at equal intervals.

Valuing Different Annuities

annuity dueCompared to an ordinary annuity of the same amount, an annuity due is worth more to the recipient. And it costs more to the person who is paying.

That’s because of the time value of money. Simply put, a thousand dollars today is worth more than a thousand dollars a year from now.

Because the payment on an annuity due is being made one period sooner than a payment for a comparable ordinary annuity, – whether that period is a day, a month or a year – whoever receives the money has that much more time to make the money work for them. And the person paying, of course, has that much less time to make the money work for them.

As a result of this difference in value, payers prefer ordinary annuities because they get to hang on to the money longer. Recipients, on the other hand, prefer an annuity due because they get to have the money sooner.

Does that mean it’s more valuable to choose one annuity type over another? If you have a stream of equal regular payments, switching from ordinary annuity to annuity due does not significantly affect their present value. For instance, if you purchase an annuity due that will pay $500 at the beginning of each month for 20 years and earn interest at the rate of 8 percent, then the present value of that annuity is approximately $60,376.

What if it is set up as an ordinary annuity that pays at the end of each month? In that case the present value of the annuity is about $59,777. The difference is a little less than $396.

These may not be relatively excessive amounts for an individual. However, for businesses such as insurance companies that sell annuities, having to make hundreds or thousands of payments a month sooner rather than later can add up.

Saving With Annuity Due

Note that the difference between an annuity due and an ordinary annuity also applies when you are making deposits to a savings account. If you make your regular deposit at the beginning of the month rather than at the end of the month, your savings will pile up a little faster. This is a great thing to keep in mind especially if you have a specific savings goal, such as saving for retirement.

The Bottom Line

annuity dueAnnuity due is a term that you might come across when paying or receiving different kinds of payments. It’s important to know when a payment is an annuity due or an ordinary annuity so that the time period is clear. It’s also important to understand an annuity due in relation to whether you are giving or receiving the payment. Recipients of an annuity due value the payment more because they get it sooner, so there is more time to make the money work for them.

Retirement Tips

  • One way to supplement your retirement strategy is to purchase an annuity that will provide guaranteed income. But an annuity may not be the right choice for everyone. As you plan for retirement, it’s important to learn the pros and cons of annuities.
  • Navigating the complex rules around annuities and other sources of retirement income can be difficult. Finding a financial advisor who can explain each option can help minimize the stress of planning. With SmartAsset’s SmartAdvisor matching tool, you can answer a series of questions about your financial needs and preferences. Based on your answers, we’ll pair you with up to three financial advisors in your area.

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Mark Henricks Mark Henricks has reported on personal finance, investing, retirement, entrepreneurship and other topics for more than 30 years. His freelance byline has appeared on and in The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, The Washington Post, Kiplinger’s Personal Finance and other leading publications. Mark has written books including, “Not Just A Living: The Complete Guide to Creating a Business That Gives You A Life.” His favorite reporting is the kind that helps ordinary people increase their personal wealth and life satisfaction. A graduate of the University of Texas journalism program, he lives in Austin, Texas. In his spare time he enjoys reading, volunteering, performing in an acoustic music duo, whitewater kayaking, wilderness backpacking and competing in triathlons.
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