It can be hard to know if your retirement savings are on track, but comparing your balance to others can help. In particular, taking a look at the average 401(k) balance by age is a good place to start. Because an employer-sponsored 401(k) retirement account allows you to grow your assets tax-deferred, their long-term savings potential is quite high. But while you should take full advantage of your 401(k), you’ll also need a retirement plan beyond it. If you’re unsure of where to start, try working with a local financial advisor.
Average 401(k) Balance by Age
Overall, Americans’ average 401(k) balance as of Q2 2020 is $104,400, according to data from Fidelity. That represents an increase of $13,000 from Q1 to Q2. Here’s the average breakdown by generation:
- Average balances for employees continually invested for 10 years
- Baby Boomer: $389,800
- Gen X: $304,300
- Millennial: $149,800
- Average balances for employees continually invested for 15 years
- Baby Boomer: $462,100
- Gen X: $384,500
- Millennial: $198,200
How Much Should I Contribute to My 401(k)?
There are a couple rules of thumb to consider when determining exactly how much you should be stashing away. Whether or not your employer matches, how long you’ve been at your job and how much you’re making all factor into how much it’s possible for you to put aside.
Fidelity recommends that you should’ve saved roughly the same amount as your annual salary by the age of 30. However, some other experts say you should aim to have half of your annual salary saved by that age.
If you go by Fidelity’s benchmark and you earn $40,000 a year, aim to have about that amount socked away for retirement by age 30. By the time you’re 40, you should have triple your annual salary. By age 50, you should have six times. When you turn 60, you should have eight times. And by age 67, you should have 10 times your annual salary in savings.
Per Fidelity, the average combined contribution for employees and employers in 2020 has been 13.4%. During that same time frame, the average contribution amount for an employee was $7,190, while the average employer contribution amount was $4,030.
What If I Have a Below-Average 401(k) Balance for My Age?
If you’re 401(k) savings don’t quite match up with the figures we’ve mentioned, don’t panic. It’s never too late to start saving. While the ideal situation is obviously to have started saving early enough that compound interest can do the work for you, there are ways to get back on track.
The most obvious is to start tucking away as much as possible. As of 2020, the maximum amount you can contribute to your 401(k) on an annual basis is $19,500. Participants aged 50 and older playing catch-up can contribute an additional $6,500 during the calendar year. These IRS limits are up from the 2019 caps of $19,000 and $6,000, respectively.
Though it may seem daunting to start saving at a notably higher rate, there are likely areas where you can cut back. One big thing to look at is whether you can downsize your living space. Also make sure you don’t have any lingering debts weighing you down.
Another option is to push back your retirement age. This allows you to make up – at least somewhat – for the years you weren’t accruing compound interest. As an added bonus, for each year you delay retirement, your Social Security benefits increase. Social Security benefits can’t take the place of retirement savings, but they can help you cover retirement expenses.
There’s also always the option of picking up some work in retirement – also known as a “worktirement.” It’s becoming more and more common for retirees to pick up some work post-retirement to supplement their savings.
And if it’s any comfort, you’re not alone in being behind. In fact, nearly 40 million American households have no retirement savings.
Alternatives to a 401(k)
A 401(k), a 403(b) and a 457(b), are the employer-sponsored retirement plans. These options are particularly lucrative if the employer offers a match. All of the plans operate similarly, but a 403(b) is typically for public employees and a 457(b) is for some government employees.
But they’re not the only options for retirement savings. You might also consider an IRA: either the traditional IRA or the Roth IRA. Contributions to the traditional IRA, like the 401(k), are tax-deferred. That means you put the untaxed money in now, and pay your taxes later. The Roth IRA, on the other hand, gets taxpaying out of the way up front. The money that goes into a Roth IRA is has already been taxed, so when you get the money out you won’t pay any more.
However, to qualify for a Roth IRA you have to make an adjusted gross income (AGI) of less than $124,000 for the 2020 calendar year. For couples filing jointly on their 2020 taxes, their AGI must be less than $196,000. Compare these to the 2019 AGI maximums of $122,000 and $193,000, respectively.
The biggest differences between an IRA and a 401(k) are the contribution limits and how you contribute. Contribution limits to a 401(k) are generally much higher than to an IRA. While a 401(k) is offered by an employer, you can easily go online and open an IRA for yourself. Your 401(k) contribution automatically comes out of your paycheck, but you’ll have to move the money yourself into an IRA. Notably, only a 401(k) comes with employer matches.
You can always put money in both, too. A Roth IRA, for instance, might be a nice complement to your 401(k).
Whichever option you chose, make sure you’re always managing your money with an eye toward retirement. It’s not impossible to catch up if you fall behind, but it’s far easier to accumulate your retirement savings steadily and slowly over time.
In an effort to diversify the placement of your money, be sure to also take advantage of multiple retirement savings options. For example, these can include an individual retirement account, a savings account or an annuity.
Tips for Saving for Retirement
- Working on your retirement plans with a financial advisor can help you stay on track. Luckily, SmartAsset’s free advisor matching tool can help you find an advisor to work with in only five minutes. Get started now.
- Take advantage of your company’s 401(k) match. This might seem like a no-brainer, but many Americans aren’t taking full advantage of their employer’s match. About one in four Americans miss out on an estimated $1,300 a year because they aren’t contributing enough to get the full employer match.
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