Overview of Utah Taxes
Utah has a statewide flat income tax rate of 4.95%. The sales tax rate here is also near the U.S. average. The average effective property tax rate in Utah is the 11th-lowest in the country.
Number of State Personal Exemptions
Your Income Taxes Breakdown
|Tax Type||Marginal |
|Total Income Taxes|
|Income After Taxes|
* These are the taxes owed for the 2020 - 2021 filing season.
Your 2020 Federal Income Tax Comparison
- Your marginal federal income tax rate
- Your effective federal income tax rate
- Your federal income taxes
Total Estimated 2020 Tax Burden
Total Estimated Tax Burden $
Percent of income to taxes = %
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Our income tax calculator calculates your federal, state and local taxes based on several key inputs: your household income, location, filing status and number of personal exemptions. Also, we separately calculate the federal income taxes you will owe in the 2020 - 2021 filing season based on the Trump Tax Plan.
How Income Taxes Are Calculated
- First, we calculate your adjusted gross income (AGI) by taking your total household income and reducing it by certain items such as contributions to your 401(k).
- Next, from AGI we subtract exemptions and deductions (either itemized or standard) to get your taxable income. Exemptions can be claimed for each taxpayer as well as dependents such as one’s spouse or children.
- Based on your filing status, your taxable income is then applied to the the tax brackets to calculate your federal income taxes owed for the year.
- Your location will determine whether you owe local and / or state taxes.
- Last Updated: January 1, 2021...read more
When Do We Update? - We regularly check for any updates to the latest tax rates and regulations.
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- Our Tax Expert
Jennifer Mansfield, CPA Tax
Jennifer Mansfield, CPA, JD/LLM-Tax, is a Certified Public Accountant with more than 30 years of experience providing tax advice. SmartAsset’s tax expert has a degree in Accounting and Business/Management from the University of Wyoming, as well as both a Masters in Tax Laws and a Juris Doctorate from Georgetown University Law Center. Jennifer has mostly worked in public accounting firms, including Ernst & Young and Deloitte. She is passionate about helping provide people and businesses with valuable accounting and tax advice to allow them to prosper financially. Jennifer lives in Arizona and was recently named to the Greater Tucson Leadership Program.
Taxes in Utah
Utah State Tax Quick Facts
- State income tax: 4.95% flat rate
- Sales tax: 6.10% - 9.05%
- Property tax: 0.58% average effective rate
- Gas tax: 31.10 cents per gallon of regular gasoline and diesel
The state of Utah has a single personal income tax, with a flat rate of 4.95%. Sales taxes in Utah range from 6.10% to 9.05%, depending on local rates. Homeowners in Utah also pay exceptionally low property taxes, with an average effective rate of just 0.58%. Overall, taxpayers in Utah face a relatively low state and local tax burden. Depending on where you live in Utah, your level of tax burden can vary a bit.
A financial advisor in Utah can help you understand how taxes fit into your overall financial goals. Financial advisors can also help with investing and financial plans, including retirement, homeownership, insurance and more, to make sure you are preparing for the future.
Utah Income Taxes
Personal income taxes in Utah are relatively simple when compared to the federal income tax. There is a single, flat rate paid by all income earners: 4.95% of their taxable income.
Taxable income is calculated by subtracting all personal exemptions from total income. In Utah, you can claim a personal exemption of $579 for each dependent you claimed on your federal tax return. Exemptions can be claimed for filers, spouses and dependents. Additional exemptions can be claimed for dependents with disabilities.
There are no itemized or standard deductions in Utah, but the Taxpayer Tax Credit, described below, is based on federal deductions and can lower the tax burden for taxpayers at lower income levels. Likewise, Social Security income in Utah is taxable, but the Retirement Income Tax Credit helps alleviate the tax burden for retirees. All credits are subtracted directly from total income tax liability. Some of the major tax credits include:
- The Taxpayer Tax Credit is equal to 6% of the total of all federal deductions claimed (except for the deduction for state income taxes), plus the Utah personal exemption. This credit phases out above a certain income level that's dependent on your filing status. For example, if you're a single filer with an income of more than $14,601, you won’t have access to this credit. Other filers may have different limits.
- The Qualifying Solar Project Credit is 25% of the amount paid to purchase qualifying solar units, up to a maximum of $1,600.
- The Utah Retirement Credit is a refundable credit available to taxpayers born on or before December 31, 1952. The credit can be up to $450, or $900 for joint filers. This credit phases out above a certain income level, though.
- The Low-income Housing Credit is available to taxpayers who live in a low-income housing project. The amount of the credit is determined by the Utah Housing Corporation.
- The Utah Educational Savings Plan Credit is equal to 5% of the contributions made to each plan over the course of the year, up to a maximum of $102 per qualified beneficiary, or $204 for joint filers. To qualify for this credit, your contribution cannot also have been deducted from your federal return.
Utah Capital Gains Tax
Long-term and short-term capital gains in Utah are subject to the regular personal income tax rate of 4.95%. In addition to the long-term federal capital gains tax rate of up to 20%, that can lead to a total long-term capital gains tax rate of 24.95% (and higher for short-term capital gains, which the federal government taxes as ordinary income).
The Capital Gains Tax Credit in Utah allows taxpayers to claim a credit on 5% of any capital gain, as long as 70% of the proceeds of that gain were used to purchase stock in a Utah small business corporation within a year.
Utah Sales Tax
There are both state and local sales tax rates in Utah. The state rate is 4.85%. Local rates, which are collected at the county and city level, range from 1.25% to 4.20%. That means the actual rates paid in Utah range from 6.10% to 9.05%. Rates for all 29 Utah counties, as well as 100 of the largest cities in the state, are shown in the table below.
Sales Tax Rates(Updated December 2020)
|County||State Rate||County Rate||Total Sales Tax|
|City||State Rate||County + City Rate||Total Sales Tax|
|North Salt Lake||4.85%||2.40%||7.25%|
|Salt Lake City||4.85%||2.90%||7.75%|
|South Salt Lake||4.85%||2.60%||7.45%|
|West Valley City||4.85%||2.40%||7.25%|
Both retail sales and leases of tangible personal property are taxable under Utah sales tax law. Tangible personal property includes physical goods, such as furniture and clothing, as well as electronically transferred products like movie downloads. Some services are also taxable, including maintenance and repair labor, laundry services, admissions fees (to movies, sporting events, ski resorts, etc.), hotel and motel rooms and telecom services.
Several types of products have their own rates. Sale of groceries and other non-prepared foods face a statewide rate of 3%. Residential utilities such as gas and electricity are charged a sales tax rate of up to 6%. Certain products are fully exempt from sales tax. Prescription drugs, medical equipment, prosthetic devices, wheelchairs, newspapers, college sports events, textbooks and fuel cells are all exempt.
Utah Property Tax
If you’re thinking about moving to Salt Lake City, Ogden or anywhere else in Utah, you’ll want to know about local property tax rates. The good news is that Utah has some of the lowest property taxes in the country. The statewide average effective tax rate, which is the total amount of taxes paid each year as a percentage of a home’s market value, is just 0.58%. This is the 11th-lowest of any U.S. state.
Before making the move, you’ll also want to take a look at our Utah mortgage guide, where you’ll find plenty of information about rates and getting a mortgage in the Beehive State.
Utah Cigarette Tax
The cigarette tax in Utah is $1.70 per pack of 20. Revenue from the tax is partially used to fund the state’s tobacco prevention and cessation program.
Utah Alcohol Tax
Utah has some of the most stringent alcohol laws in the nation. Liquor and wine can only be purchased in state-run liquor stores. Beer with an alcohol by volume of 5% or lower can be purchased in grocery stores, but beer above that cutoff is only available in state liquor stores.
Alcohol taxes in Utah are among the highest in the country. Taxes on liquor total $15.92 per gallon, which is the fifth-highest rate in the nation. Taxes on beer total 41 cents per gallon, or about 4 cents per beer.
Utah Gas Tax
Both regular and diesel gasoline in Utah are taxed at a rate of 31.10 cents per gallon. Those are the 11th- and 15th-highest rates in the country, respectively.
Utah Estate Tax
There is no estate or inheritance tax in Utah.
- The Alta Ski Area gets over 500 inches of snow per year.
- There are approximately 4.7 billion tons of dissolved salt in the Great Salt Lake.
Places with the Lowest Tax Burden
Are you curious how your tax burden stacks up against others in your state? SmartAsset’s interactive map highlights the counties with the lowest tax burden. Scroll over any county in the state to learn about taxes in that specific area.
To find the places with the lowest tax burdens, SmartAsset calculated the amount of money a specific person would pay in income, sales, property and fuel taxes in each county in the country.
To better compare income tax burdens across counties, we used the national median household income. We then applied relevant deductions and exemptions before calculating federal, state and local income taxes.
In order to determine sales tax burden, we estimated that 35% of take-home (after-tax) pay is spent on taxable goods. We multiplied the average sales tax rate for a county by the household income after taxes. This balance is then multiplied by 35% to estimate the sales tax paid.For property taxes, we compared the median property taxes paid in each county.
For fuel taxes, we first distributed statewide vehicle miles traveled to the county level using the number of vehicles in each county. We then calculated the total number of licensed drivers within each county. The countywide miles were then distributed amongst the licensed drivers in the county, which gave us the miles driven per licensed driver. Using the nationwide average fuel economy, we calculated the average gallons of gas used per driver in each county and multiplied that by the fuel tax.
We then added the dollar amount for income, sales, property and fuel taxes to calculate a total tax burden. Finally, each county was ranked and indexed, on a scale of 0 to100. The county with the lowest tax burden received a score of 100 and the remaining counties in the study were scored based on how closely their tax burden compares.