Overview of Ohio Taxes
Ohio has a progressive income tax. While the state rate is relatively low compared to other states with an income tax, many Ohio municipalities charge an additional income tax. Sales tax is also collected at both the state and local level. The state’s average effective property tax rate is among the highest in the country. Retired? Use our Retirement Income Tax Calculator.
Number of State Personal Exemptions
Your Income Taxes Breakdown
|Tax Type||Marginal |
|Total Income Taxes|
|Income After Taxes|
* These are the taxes owed for the 2019 - 2020 filing season.
Your 2019 Federal Income Tax Comparison
- Your marginal federal income tax rate
- Your effective federal income tax rate
- Your federal income taxes
Total Estimated 2019 Tax Burden
Total Estimated Tax Burden $
Percent of income to taxes = %
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Our income tax calculator calculates your federal, state and local taxes based on several key inputs: your household income, location, filing status and number of personal exemptions. Also, we separately calculate the federal income taxes you will owe in the 2019 - 2020 filing season based on the Trump Tax Plan.
How Income Taxes Are Calculated
- First, we calculate your adjusted gross income (AGI) by taking your total household income and reducing it by certain items such as contributions to your 401(k).
- Next, from AGI we subtract exemptions and deductions (either itemized or standard) to get your taxable income. Exemptions can be claimed for each taxpayer as well as dependents such as one’s spouse or children.
- Based on your filing status, your taxable income is then applied to the the tax brackets to calculate your federal income taxes owed for the year.
- Your location will determine whether you owe local and / or state taxes.
- Last Updated: January 1, 2020...read more
When Do We Update? - We regularly check for any updates to the latest tax rates and regulations.
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- Our Tax Expert
Jennifer Mansfield, CPA Tax
Jennifer Mansfield, CPA, JD/LLM-Tax, is a Certified Public Accountant with more than 30 years of experience providing tax advice. SmartAsset’s tax expert has a degree in Accounting and Business/Management from the University of Wyoming, as well as both a Masters in Tax Laws and a Juris Doctorate from Georgetown University Law Center. Jennifer has mostly worked in public accounting firms, including Ernst & Young and Deloitte. She is passionate about helping provide people and businesses with valuable accounting and tax advice to allow them to prosper financially. Jennifer lives in Arizona and was recently named to the Greater Tucson Leadership Program.
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Taxes in Ohio
Ohio State Tax Quick Facts
- Income tax: 0% - 4.797%
- Local income tax: 0% - 3%
- Sales tax: 5.75% - 8%
- Property tax: 1.57% average effective rate
- Gas tax: 38.51 cents per gallon of regular gasoline and 47.01 cents per gallon of diesel
Starting in 2005, Ohio’s state income taxes saw a gradual decrease each year. For the 2019 tax year, which you file in early 2020, the top rate is 4.797%. Alone, that would place Ohio at the lower end of states with an income tax, but many Ohio municipalities also charge income taxes, some as high as 3%.
Similarly, Ohio’s statewide sales tax rate is 5.75%, but when combined with county sales tax rates ranging from 0.75% up to 2.25%, the total average rate is 7.17%. This is the 20th-highest sales tax rate in the U.S. In all, the state and local tax burden for the average Ohio taxpayer is slightly above the national average, but that burden varies depending on what city and county a taxpayer calls home.
A financial advisor in Ohio can help you understand how taxes fit into your overall financial goals. Financial advisors can also help with investing and financial plans, including retirement, homeownership, insurance and more, to make sure you are preparing for the future.
Ohio Income Taxes
Like the federal government, Ohio collects taxes based on income “brackets.” That is, the higher a taxpayer’s income, the higher rate he or she pays. These rates vary from half a percent of taxable income, up to 4.797%. The table below shows the marginal rate paid on taxable income for filers in Ohio.
Income Tax Brackets
|Ohio Taxable Income||Rate|
|$0 - $21,750||0%|
|$21,750 - $43,450||2.850%|
|$43,450 - $86,900||3.326%|
|$86,900 - $108,700||3.802%|
|$108,700 - $217,400||4.413%|
These are rates on taxable income, which is lower than a taxpayer’s actual income. This is because of the existence of deductions and exemptions. State income taxes in Ohio are based off of your federal adjusted gross income, which incorporates certain federal deductions. Ohio taxpayers cannot claim separate itemized deductions on their state tax returns.
In Ohio, filers can claim an additional exemption of between $1,850 and $2,350, depending on income level. Individuals making $40,000 or less are eligible for the exemption of $2,350. Those making over $80,000 can claim an exemption of $1,850. Earners between those two values are eligible for an exemption of $2,100.
Ohio Municipal Income Taxes
Many municipalities in Ohio collect income taxes of their own, with rates as high as 3% in some areas. Below are the municipal tax rates for Ohio’s largest cities, as well as the rates for every school district that collects an income tax. These are all assessed at a flat rate, based on the taxable income used for Ohio state taxes.
Local Income Tax Brackets(Updated January 2020)
Ohio Sales Tax
The statewide sales tax rate in Ohio is 5.75%, but Ohio counties collect their own sales taxes, of between 0.75% and 2.25%. That means the lowest rate possible is 6.50% and the highest possible rate is 8%. Below is a table of sales tax rates for every county in Ohio.
Sales Tax Rates(Updated January 2020)
|County||State Rate||County Rate||Total Sales Tax|
While those taxes apply to nearly every product that can be bought, there are some exceptions. For example, there is no sales tax on newspapers, prescription drugs, property used for agricultural production (a tractor, for example) or utilities such as gas, water and electricity. Food is also exempt from sales tax, so long as it is not prepared for on-site consumption (at a restaurant, for example).
Ohio Alcohol and Tobacco Tax
Ohio also collects additional excise taxes on alcohol and tobacco. It has the 17th-lowest beer excise tax in the nation at 18 cents per gallon. The tobacco tax is currently $1.60 per pack of 20, although in recent years, there have been proposals to raise that tax to as high as $2.25.
Ohio Property Tax
According to the Ohio Department of Taxation, the property tax is the oldest tax in Ohio, dating back in its current form to 1825. Ohio’s average effective property tax rate is 1.57%, making it the 13th-highest in the country.
However, since this tax is primarily collected at the county level, that rate will vary depending on where you live. In Cuyahoga County, for example, the effective property tax rate is 2.41%. On the other hand, in east Ohio’s Lawrence County, the effective rate is just 0.86%.
While Ohio’s property tax may be above national average, its rates remain lower than many of the surrounding Midwest states. If you would like to refinance your home or you are looking to move to the Buckeye state, our Ohio mortgage guide has all the essential information about getting a mortgage in the state.
Ohio Gas Tax
Regular gasoline is taxed at a rate of 38.51 cents per gallon in Ohio. Taxes on diesel gas are 47.01 cents per gallon.
Ohio Estate Tax
As of January 1, 2013, there has been no estate tax in Ohio. For the estates of persons who died prior to that date, however, the prior tax may still be due.
- Ohio is nicknamed the Buckeye State after the Ohio buckeye tree native to the region.
- “Ohio” comes from the Iroquois word meaning “great river.” The Ohio River is the largest tributary to the Mississippi river.
- Ohio Stadium, home of the Ohio State Buckeye football team, has a capacity of 104,944 spectators. This makes it the fifth largest sports stadium in the country.
Places with the Lowest Tax Burden
Are you curious how your tax burden stacks up against others in your state? SmartAsset’s interactive map highlights the counties with the lowest tax burden. Scroll over any county in the state to learn about taxes in that specific area.
Where you live can have a big impact on both which types of taxes you have to pay each year and how much money you spend on them. SmartAsset calculated the amount of money a specific person would pay in income, sales, property and fuel taxes in each county in the country and ranked the lowest to highest tax burden.
To better compare income tax burdens across counties, we used the national median household income. We then applied relevant deductions and exemptions before calculating federal, state and local income taxes.
In order to determine sales tax burden we estimated that 35% of take-home (after-tax) pay is spent on taxable goods. We multiplied the average sales tax rate for a county by the household income less income tax. This product is then multiplied by 35% to estimate the sales tax paid.
For property taxes, we compared the median property taxes paid in each county.
For fuel taxes, we first distributed statewide vehicle miles traveled down to the county level using the number of vehicles in each county. We then calculated the total number of licensed drivers within each county. The countywide miles were then distributed amongst the licensed drivers in the county, which gave us the miles driven per licensed driver. Using the nationwide average fuel economy, we calculated the average gallons of gas used per driver in each county and multiplied that by the fuel tax.
We then added the dollar amount for income, sales, property and fuel taxes to calculate a total tax burden. Finally, we created the Tax Burden Index in order to show how each county in the country compares to the county with the lowest tax burden (that is the county with a Tax Burden Index of 100).