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401(k) Contribution Limits for 2024


Contributing to your 401(k) is a great way to prepare for retirement, allowing for tax-deferred growth and, in some cases, employer matching contributions. If you really want to boost your savings, you might even contribute the maximum to the account. For 2024, the 401(k) annual contribution limit is $23,000, up from $22,500 in 2023. For employees over 50, there are also catch-up contributions. The total catch-up contribution allowed in 2024 is still the same as it was in 2023 at $7,500.

Do you have retirement planning questions? Speak with a financial advisor today.

What Is the 401(k) Contribution Limit for 2024?

A 401(k) is a common type of retirement account that’s available through an employer. For the most part, these accounts are funded with pre-tax dollars. As a result, you typically won’t pay taxes on that money until you withdraw it in retirement. These accounts also come in a Roth variation, which is the opposite of the aforementioned setup. More specifically, a Roth 401(k) allows you to avoid taxes in retirement by paying for them upfront.

The IRS imposes a cap on how much you can contribute to your 401(k) on an annual basis. This is called the 401(k) contribution limit. Here are the rules for 2024 and 2023:

401(k) Contribution Limits: 2024 vs. 2023

Type of Contribution2024 Limit2023 Limit
Standard 401(k) contributions$23,000$22,500
Catch-up contributions (over age 50)$7,500$7,500
SIMPLE 401(k) contributions$16,000$15,500

As the table above illustrates, the 2024 IRS limit for employee 401(k) contributions jumped up $500 from the 2023 mark of $22,500. Contribution limits tend to increase during years where inflation rates also climb. This has been the case since 2009, as the rate has either increased or stayed put each year since then.

The catch-up contributions listed in the table only apply to employees who are 50 or older. For these individuals, the IRS permits an extra $7,500 in contributions each year. In turn, anyone who’s at least 50 years old and enrolled in a 401(k) can contribute as much as $30,500 to their 401(k) in 2024.

Although 401(k)s are one of the most popular retirement accounts available today, the contribution limits above also apply to other retirement plans. In fact, 403(b)s, most 457 plans and the federal Thrift Savings Plan also adopt these stipulations.

Contribution Limits for Employer Matching and Highly Compensated Employees (HCEs)

Some employers will match contributions to a 401(k) account, up to a certain point. For instance, your employer may match 50% of your contributions up to 5% of your total salary. These matching contributions don’t factor into the $23,000 standard contribution limit or $7,500 catch-up contribution limit, though. However, there is an overall limit for matching contributions.

In 2024, the total amount you can contribute to your 401(k), including matching contributions, is $69,000. This is again up from $66,000 in 2023. Your contributions also can’t exceed 100% of your total salary.

The IRS has a specific tax status called “highly compensated employee,” or HCE. According to the IRS website, the 2024 requirements for an HCE go as follows:

  • Over the previous year, the employee earned $155,000 or more OR
  • The employee owns more than 5% of the interest in the business at any point during the current or preceding year, regardless of compensation

While there are no explicit differences in the way the IRS limits the 401(k) contributions of HCEs, the 401(k) plan they utilize must meet some standards. The IRS determines this by testing the plan to ensure that it does not favor HCEs in any way. Should this process uncover that the plan is, in fact, treating HCEs and non-HCEs differently, there may be limits placed on the contributions of those HCEs.

Should You Max Out Your 401(k) Contributions?

SmartAsset: 401(k) Contribution Limits for 2023

If you have the means, contributing the full amount to your 401(k) could have major benefits. Some experts, though, would urge you to think about filling other needs before you max out your 401(k). For starters, certain non-retirement needs may come first. These might include paying off high-interest debts or loans, stocking your emergency fund accounts, maintaining solid health insurance and investing in long-term care insurance if you’re over 50.

There are also other options for saving for retirement. Perhaps the most notable partner of a 401(k) is the individual retirement account, or IRA. So if you want to contribute more than the 401(k) limit allows you to, consider opening an IRA too. The 2024 IRA contribution limit is $7,000, up from $6,500 in 2023. The catch-up contribution limit is $1,000, which is again the same as it was last year.

A Roth IRA might be a particularly good destination for your extra retirement funds. Since a Roth account offers tax-free growth and distributions, it might be a good complement to your tax-deferred 401(k). Note that even if you do favor an IRA, you should still contribute enough to your 401(k) to secure any employer matching perks.

Tax and Investment Benefits of a 401(k)

The most notable benefit of a 401(k) is that all contributions are tax-deferred. Your plan is funded directly from your paycheck, with the money coming out before it’s subject to income taxes. By reducing your taxable income, you’re essentially taking a tax deduction, for now. Furthermore, because less of your paycheck is going towards taxes, you’re able to contribute more to your retirement funds.

With a 401(k), you’ll have a choice of investing in multiple types of investments. These often include some combination of mutual funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), index funds, bond funds and various market capitalization funds. Many 401(k) plans provide access to investments called target-date funds, which automatically rebalance your portfolio to reduce riskiness as you approach your target retirement age.

Bottom Line

SmartAsset: 401(k) Contribution Limits for 2023

The 401(k) contribution limit for 2024 is $23,000. Workers 50 and older gain access to an additional catch-up contribution limit of $7,500, so they can contribute up to $30,500 in 2024. Be sure to take advantage of your company’s matching program as well. Note that your employer’s matching contributions don’t count toward the caps above.

Once you square away your other financial commitments, eliminate debt and have a cushion of funds for emergencies, consider getting as close as you can to the 401(k) contribution limits. Doing so will go a long way toward setting yourself up for a secure retirement.

Tips for Managing Your Retirement Savings

  • Saving for retirement is much easier said than done, but a financial advisor can help you build a plan. Finding a financial advisor doesn’t have to be hard. SmartAsset’s free tool matches you with up to three vetted financial advisors who serve your area, and you can have a free introductory call with your advisor matches to decide which one you feel is right for you. If you’re ready to find an advisor who can help you achieve your financial goals, get started now.
  • If you are taking advantage of employer 401(k) matching, SmartAsset’s 401(k) calculator can help you figure out how much you will have based on your annual contribution and your employer’s matches.

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