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The Vanguard Group Review

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The Vanguard Group

The Vanguard Group, Inc. (Vanguard) is a corporation that provides investment advisory services to several entities including the Vanguard family of mutual funds, offshore pooled investment vehicles and institutional clients of Vanguard’s international subsidiaries. It currently has more than $151 billion in assets under management and 793 financial advisors on staff.

The Vanguard Group was founded in 1975, and it advises clients according to investment strategies including indexing and active management. If you’re an individual looking for a financial advisor, you may be looking for Vanguard Personal Advisor Services, the company's robo-advisor service.

The Vanguard Group Background

The Vanguard Group, Inc. was founded in 1975. The firm primarily offers advisory services to other investment companies, namely Vanguard mutual funds, Vanguard offshore funds and institutional clients of Vanguard’s international subsidiaries.

What Types of Clients Does The Vanguard Group Accept?

The Vanguard Group offers services to Vanguard offshore funds and a small number of separate clients of international subsidiaries of Vanguard. Vanguard doesn’t require a minimum investment for its services, although many of the offshore funds have investment minimums for its underlying investors.

Services Offered by The Vanguard Group

The Vanguard Group employs two different broad strategies when it comes to its advisory services: indexing and active management. Within each of those strategies, Vanguard performs the following services.

  • Indexing
    • Replication
    • Sampling
  • Active Management
    • Return analysis
    • Stock valuation
    • Fundamental investment research
    • Market forecasting

The Vanguard Group Investment Philosophy

The Vanguard Group determines its investment approach and strategies using several tools, including quantitative modeling, fixed-income analysis, fundamental investment research and research obtained from external organizations. Its indexing strategies rely on both replication, which is the process of assembling a portfolio with the same stocks/bonds as a particular target index in roughly the same proportions, and sampling, which uses a computer program to create a representative sample of the target index that resembles the index in terms of several characteristics.

Fees Under The Vanguard Group

The Vanguard Group charges fees for its advisory services that are tailored to each individual client. The fee rate can vary depending on the complexity and size of the account, and the frequency at which clients pay will be specified in the initial advisory agreement. The firm's offshore clients will also have to pay various administrative and operational expenses that aren’t included in the standard advisory fees. The Vanguard Group doesn’t charge performance-based fees, meaning clients’ fees won’t be dependent on any capital gains or the appreciation of assets.


The Vanguard Group has two disclosures. A financial regulatory authority has found the firm or one of its affiliates to have been involved in a violation of investment-related regulations or statutes within the last 10 years. Specifically, the firm employed an advisor in Pennsylvania who was registered as an investment advisor in Arizona but not in Pennsylvania. Also, Vanguard Marketing Corporation, an advisory affiliate, was sanctioned for not having a satisfactory system in place to supervise the disclosure of unsatisfied judgments or liens of registered representatives. 

Where Is The Vanguard Group Located?

The Vanguard Group is headquartered in Malvern, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia.

Tips for Finding a Financial Advisor

  • Using SmartAsset’s financial advisor matching tool can be a great way to take the hassle out of finding a financial advisor. After you answer a few questions about your financial goals and preferences, the tool will match you with up to three qualified financial advisors in your area. Once you're matched, you can read the advisors' profiles and interview them.
  • If you're looking to meet with a financial advisor, you should first decide what you're looking to accomplish. Are you looking to save up for retirement? Do you want to save for your child's education with a 529 plan? Having your primary goals established will make it easier for your advisor to help you achieve them.

How Many Years $1 Million Lasts in Retirement

SmartAsset's interactive map highlights places where $1 million will last the longest in retirement. Zoom between states and the national map to see the top spots in each region. Also, scroll over any city to learn about cost of living in retirement there.

Rank City Housing Expenses Food Expenses Healthcare Expenses Utilities Expenses Transportation Expenses

Methodology SmartAsset calculated the average cost of living for retirees in the largest U.S. cities. Using that calculation, we determined how many years $1 million would last in retirement in each major city.

First, we looked at data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) on the average annual expenditures of seniors throughout the country. We then applied cost of living data from the Council for Community and Economic Research to adjust those national average spending levels based on the costs of each expense category (housing, food, healthcare, utilities, transportation and other) in each city.

We assumed the $1 million would grow at a real return (interest minus inflation) of 2%, reflecting the typical return on a conservative investment portfolio. Finally, we divided $1 million by the sum of each of those annual numbers to determine how long $1 million would last in each of the cities in our study.

Sources: Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Council for Community and Economic Research