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Virginia Income Tax Calculator

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Overview of Virginia Taxes

Virginia has a progressive income tax, with a top marginal rate that is slightly lower than the national average. The average sales tax in the state, combining state and average local rates, is the 10th-lowest in the country. Virginia’s property taxes are also below the national average.

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Household Income
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401(k) Contribution
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IRA Contribution
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Itemized Deductions
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Number of State Personal Exemptions
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Your Income Taxes Breakdown

Tax Type Marginal 
Tax Rate
Effective 
Tax Rate
2020 
Taxes*
Federal
FICA
State
Local
Total Income Taxes
Income After Taxes
Retirement Contributions
Take-Home Pay

* These are the taxes owed for the 2020 - 2021 filing season.

Your 2020 Federal Income Tax Comparison

  • Your marginal federal income tax rate
  • Your effective federal income tax rate
  • Your federal income taxes

Total Estimated 2020 Tax Burden

Income Tax $
Sales Tax $
Fuel Tax $
Property Tax$
Total Estimated Tax Burden $
Percent of income to taxes = %
$
  • About This Answer

    Our income tax calculator calculates your federal, state and local taxes based on several key inputs: your household income, location, filing status and number of personal exemptions. Also, we separately calculate the federal income taxes you will owe in the 2019 - 2020 filing season based on the Trump Tax Plan.

    How Income Taxes Are Calculated

    • First, we calculate your adjusted gross income (AGI) by taking your total household income and reducing it by certain items such as contributions to your 401(k).
    • Next, from AGI we subtract exemptions and deductions (either itemized or standard) to get your taxable income. Exemptions can be claimed for each taxpayer as well as dependents such as one’s spouse or children.
    • Based on your filing status, your taxable income is then applied to the the tax brackets to calculate your federal income taxes owed for the year.
    • Your location will determine whether you owe local and / or state taxes.
    ...read more
  • Last Updated: January 1, 2020

    When Do We Update? - We regularly check for any updates to the latest tax rates and regulations.

    Customer Service - If you would like to leave any feedback, feel free to email info@smartasset.com.

    ...read more
  • Our Tax Expert

    Jennifer Mansfield, CPA Tax

    Jennifer Mansfield, CPA, JD/LLM-Tax, is a Certified Public Accountant with more than 30 years of experience providing tax advice. SmartAsset’s tax expert has a degree in Accounting and Business/Management from the University of Wyoming, as well as both a Masters in Tax Laws and a Juris Doctorate from Georgetown University Law Center. Jennifer has mostly worked in public accounting firms, including Ernst & Young and Deloitte. She is passionate about helping provide people and businesses with valuable accounting and tax advice to allow them to prosper financially. Jennifer lives in Arizona and was recently named to the Greater Tucson Leadership Program.

    ...read more
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Taxes in Virginia

Virginia State Tax Quick Facts

  • Income tax: 2% - 5.75%
  • Sales tax: 5.3% - 7%
  • Property tax: 0.80% average effective rate
  • Gas tax: 21.20 cents per gallon of regular gasoline, 20.20 cents per gallon of diesel

The state of Virginia has a progressive income tax, with rates ranging from 2% to a top rate of 5.75%. Of the states with a personal income tax, that top rate is slightly lower than average. The Commonwealth’s sales tax ranks near the bottom of the U.S. too. In fact, when taking into account both state and local rates, Virginia’s average of 5.65% is 10th-lowest in the country. Property and fuel taxes in the state are likewise lower than their respective national averages.

A financial advisor in Virginia can help you understand how taxes fit into your overall financial goals. Financial advisors can also help with investing and financial plans, including retirement, homeownership, insurance and more, to make sure you are preparing for the future.

Virginia Income Taxes

There are four tax brackets for filers in Virginia. While low earners pay lower marginal rates, the top bracket begins at just $17,000 in taxable income. This means most taxpayers in Virginia will pay the top rate of 5.75% on at least part of their income. The table below shows the tax brackets for Virginia filers.

Income Tax Brackets

All Filers
Virginia Taxable IncomeRate
$0 - $3,0002.00%
$3,000 - $5,0003.00%
$5,000 - $17,0005.00%
$17,000+5.75%

Rates apply to Virginia taxable income, which is based on federal adjusted gross income (AGI). Federal deductions will generally match your Virginia deductions (with the exception of the deduction for state income taxes).

In Virginia, you can only claim itemized deductions if you did so on your federal return. Conversely, if you did claim itemized deductions federally, you must itemize your deductions on your Virginia return. That means you cannot claim the Virginia standard deduction of $4,500 ($9,000 for joint filers), even if your itemized deductions are less than that standard deduction.

Additionally, there are several categories of income that are taxable at the federal level, but may be subtracted from your taxable income in Virginia. Among the types of income you can subtract from your AGI to calculate taxable income are disability income, Virginia lottery prizes, Virginia college savings plan distributions and Virginia National Guard income. On the other hand, certain types of income, most notably capital gains, are taxed as regular income and must be included in your state return.

Virginia Sales Tax

The base, statewide sales tax rate of 4.3% in Virginia is combined with a statewide local rate of 1%, meaning the effective floor for sales taxes in Virginia is 5.3%. In addition to that 5.3% rate, localities in the Northern Virginia, Central Virginia and Hampton Roads regions collect a 0.7% sales tax, bringing the total in these areas to 6%. By contrast, cities in Halifax County collect a 1% sales tax, bringing the total there to 6.3%. Communities in the Historic Triangle collect a 1.7% tax, which raises the sales taxes here even further to 7%.

The table below shows the sales tax rates for the counties of Virginia. Additionally, many cities are “independent cities,” which means they are not in any county.

Sales Tax Rates(Updated December 2020)

County/CityState RateCounty/City RateTotal Sales Tax
Accomack County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Albemarle County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Alexandria City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Alleghany County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Amelia County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Amherst County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Appomattox County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Arlington County4.30%1.70%6.00%
Augusta County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Bath County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Bedford County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Bland County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Botetourt County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Bristol City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Brunswick County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Buchanan County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Buckingham County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Buena Vista City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Campbell County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Caroline County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Carroll County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Charles City County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Charlotte County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Charlottesville City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Chesapeake City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Chesterfield County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Clarke County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Clifton Forge City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Colonial Heights City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Covington City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Craig County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Culpeper County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Cumberland County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Danville City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Dickenson County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Dinwiddie County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Emporia City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Essex County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Fairfax City4.30%1.70%6.00%
Fairfax County4.30%1.70%6.00%
Falls Church City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Fauquier County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Floyd County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Fluvanna County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Franklin City4.30%1.70%6.00%
Franklin County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Frederick County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Fredericksburg City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Galax City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Giles County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Gloucester County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Goochland County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Grayson County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Greene County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Greensville County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Halifax County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Hampton City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Hanover County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Harrisonburg City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Henrico County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Henry County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Highland County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Hopewell City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Isle of Wight County4.30%1.70%6.00%
James City County4.30%2.70%7.00%
King and Queen County4.30%1.00%5.30%
King George County4.30%1.00%5.30%
King William County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Lancaster County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Lee County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Lexington City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Loudoun County4.30%1.70%6.00%
Louisa County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Lunenburg County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Lynchburg City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Madison County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Manassas City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Manassas Park City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Martinsville City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Mathews County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Mecklenburg County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Middlesex County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Montgomery County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Nelson County4.30%1.00%5.30%
New Kent County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Newport News City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Norfolk City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Northampton County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Northumberland County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Norton City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Nottoway County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Orange County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Page County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Patrick County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Petersburg City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Pittsylvania County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Poquoson City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Portsmouth City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Powhatan County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Prince Edward County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Prince George County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Prince William County4.30%1.70%6.00%
Pulaski County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Radford City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Rappahannock County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Richmond City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Richmond County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Roanoke City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Roanoke County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Rockbridge County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Rockingham County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Russell County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Salem City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Scott County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Shenandoah County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Smyth County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Southampton County4.30%1.70%6.00%
Spotsylvania County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Stafford County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Staunton City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Suffolk City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Surry County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Sussex County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Tazewell County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Virginia Beach City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Warren County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Washington County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Waynesboro City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Westmoreland County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Williamsburg City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Winchester City4.30%1.00%5.30%
Wise County4.30%1.00%5.30%
Wythe County4.30%1.00%5.30%
York County4.30%2.70%7.00%

Virginia has a separate rate for most food items: 2.5% for unprepared food of the sort found in a grocery store and between 4% and 6.5% for prepared foods. Most types of medicine, including nonprescription drugs, are exempt from sales tax in Virginia.

There is one three-day sales tax holiday in Virginia, which takes places during early August. During the holiday, three different types of products, up to a certain price, may be purchased free of sales taxes:

  • Hurricane preparedness equipment (up to $60 per item), portable generators (up to $1,000 per item), gas-powered chainsaws (up to $350 per item) and chainsaw accessories (up to $60 per item)
  • Clothing and footwear (up to $100 per item) and school supplies (up to $20 per item)
  • Energy Star or WaterSense products (up to $2,500 per item)

Virginia Property Tax

The average effective property tax rate in Virginia is 0.80%, 20th-lowest in the country. That means that, on average, Virginians pay 0.80% of their home value in property taxes each year.

However, since property taxes in Virginia are assessed and collected at the local level by county and city governments, that rate varies depending on location. The highest effective property tax rate in Virginia can be found in the city of Manassas Park, which has an effective rate of 1.27%. The lowest effective rate is in Amelia County at 0.40%.

If you’re looking to refinance your home or purchase a new one, take a look at our Virginia mortgage rates guide, where you’ll find information on getting a mortgage and mortgage rates in each county of Virginia.

Virginia Estate Tax

Virginia’s estate tax was repealed on July 1, 2007. Estates of decedents whose death occurred after that date are not required to file an estate tax return.

Virginia Capital Gains Tax

Capital gains (from the sale of a home, for example) in Virginia are taxed as regular income, which means they will likely face the top rate of 5.75%.

Virginia Gas Tax

The state excise tax on regular gas in Virginia is 21.20 cents per gallon, which is the 15th-lowest in the nation. For diesel gas, the state excise rate is 20.20 cents per gallon. That's the 11th-lowest rate in the U.S.

Photo credit: flickr
  • Eight U.S. Presidents were born in Virginia, more than any other state.
  • The Virginia General Assembly, which has been in existence since 1619, is the oldest law-making body in the Americas.
  • The largest city in Virginia is Virginia Beach, with about 445,000 residents.

Places with the Lowest Tax Burden

Are you curious how your tax burden stacks up against others in your state? SmartAsset’s interactive map highlights the counties with the lowest tax burden. Scroll over any county in the state to learn about taxes in that specific area.

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Rank County Income Tax Sales Tax Property Tax Fuel Tax

Methodology

To find the places with the lowest tax burdens, SmartAsset calculated the amount of money a specific person would pay in income, sales, property and fuel taxes in each county in the country.

To better compare income tax burdens across counties, we used the national median household income. We then applied relevant deductions and exemptions before calculating federal, state and local income taxes.

In order to determine sales tax burden, we estimated that 35% of take-home (after-tax) pay is spent on taxable goods. We multiplied the average sales tax rate for a county by the household income after taxes. This balance is then multiplied by 35% to estimate the sales tax paid.For property taxes, we compared the median property taxes paid in each county.

For fuel taxes, we first distributed statewide vehicle miles traveled to the county level using the number of vehicles in each county. We then calculated the total number of licensed drivers within each county. The countywide miles were then distributed amongst the licensed drivers in the county, which gave us the miles driven per licensed driver. Using the nationwide average fuel economy, we calculated the average gallons of gas used per driver in each county and multiplied that by the fuel tax.

We then added the dollar amount for income, sales, property and fuel taxes to calculate a total tax burden. Finally, each county was ranked and indexed, on a scale of 0 to100. The county with the lowest tax burden received a score of 100 and the remaining counties in the study were scored based on how closely their tax burden compares.

Sources: US Census Bureau 2018 American Community Survey, Government Sources, Avalara, American Petroleum Institute, GasBuddy, UMTRI, Federal Highway Administration, SmartAsset