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Virginia Income Tax Calculator

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Overview of Virginia Taxes

Virginia has a progressive income tax, with a top marginal rate that is slightly lower than average. The average sales tax in the state, combining state and local rates, is the 10th lowest in the country. Virginia’s property tax is also below the national average. Retired? Use our Retirement Income Tax Calculator.

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Your Income Taxes Breakdown

Tax Type Marginal 
Tax Rate
Effective 
Tax Rate
2017 
Taxes
2018 Trump Taxes*
Federal
FICA
State
Local
Total Income Taxes
Income After Taxes

* These will be the taxes owed for the 2018 - 2019 filing season.

Under the Trump Tax Plan (2018-2019 filing season), your Federal Income Tax will be and your FICA will be .

Changes to Your Federal Income
Taxes Under the Trump Tax Plan

  • Your marginal federal income tax rate will
  • Your effective federal income tax rate will
  • Your federal income taxes will

Total Estimated Tax Burden

Income Tax $
Sales Tax $
Fuel Tax $
Property Tax$
Total Estimated Tax Burden $
Percent of income to taxes = %
$
  • Our Tax Expert

    Jennifer Mansfield, CPA Tax

    Jennifer Mansfield, CPA, JD/LLM-Tax, is a Certified Public Accountant with more than 30 years of experience providing tax advice. SmartAsset’s tax expert has a degree in Accounting and Business/Management from the University of Wyoming, as well as both a Masters in Tax Laws and a Juris Doctorate from Georgetown University Law Center. Jennifer has mostly worked in public accounting firms, including Ernst & Young and Deloitte. She is passionate about helping provide people and businesses with valuable accounting and tax advice to allow them to prosper financially. Jennifer lives in Arizona and was recently named to the Greater Tucson Leadership Program.

    ...read more
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Virginia state tax quick facts
  • Income tax: 2% - 5.75%
  • Sales tax: 5.3% - 6%
  • Property tax: 0.79% average effective rate
  • Gas tax: 22.40 cents per gallon of regular gasoline, 26.09 cents per gallon of diesel

The state of Virginia has a progressive income tax, with rates ranging from 2% to a top rate of 5.75%. Of the 43 states with a personal income tax, that top rate is slightly lower than average. It ranks 24th overall. The Commonwealth’s sales tax ranks near the bottom of all states. When taking into account both state and local rates, Virginia’s average of 5.63% is 10th-lowest in the country. The property and fuel taxes in the state are likewise lower than the national averages. Below, we’ll take a deeper look at the Virginia tax system to find out how it might affect your finances.

Virginia Income Tax

There are four tax brackets for filers in Virginia. While lower earners pay lower marginal (and effective) rates, the top bracket begins at just $17,000 in taxable income. This means most taxpayers in Virginia will pay the top rate of 5.75%. The table below shows the tax brackets for Virginia filers.

Income Tax Brackets

All Filers
Virginia Taxable IncomeRate
$0 - $3,0002.00%
$3,000 - $5,0003.00%
$5,000 - $17,0005.00%
$17,000+5.75%

Rates apply to Virginia taxable income, which is based on federal adjusted gross income (AGI). Federal deductions will generally match your Virginia deductions (with the exception of the deduction for state income taxes).

In Virginia, you can only claim itemized deductions if you did so on your federal return. Conversely, if you did claim itemized deductions federally, you must itemize your deductions on your Virginia return. That means you cannot claim the Virginia standard deduction of $3,000 ($6,000 for joint filers), even if your itemized deductions are less than that standard deduction.

Additionally, there are several categories of income that are taxable at the federal level but may be subtracted from your taxable income in Virginia. Among the types of income you can subtract from your AGI to calculate taxable income are disability income, Virginia lottery prizes, Virginia college savings plan distributions and Virginia National Guard income. On the other hand, certain types of income, most notably capital gains, are taxed as regular income and must be included in your state return. If you need some help filing your tax returns, consider hiring a tax professional or using tax preparation software like Credit Karma and H&R Block

Virginia Sales Tax

The base, statewide rate of 4.3% in Virginia is combined with a statewide local rate of 1%, meaning the effective floor for sales tax in Virginia is 5.3%. In addition to that 5.3% rate, localities in the Northern Virginia and Hampton Roads regions collect a 0.7% sales tax, bringing the total in those areas to 6%. The table below shows the sales tax rates for the counties of Virginia. In Virginia, many cities are “independent cities” which means they are not in any county. Those are also included in the table.

Sales Tax Rates (Updated January 2018)

CountyState RateCounty RateTotal Sales Tax
Accomack4.3%1.0%5.3%
Albemarle4.3%1.0%5.3%
Alexandria (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Alleghany4.3%1.0%5.3%
Amelia4.3%1.0%5.3%
Amherst4.3%1.0%5.3%
Appomattox4.3%1.0%5.3%
Arlington4.3%1.7%6.0%
Augusta4.3%1.0%5.3%
Bath4.3%1.0%5.3%
Bedford4.3%1.0%5.3%
Bland4.3%1.0%5.3%
Botetourt4.3%1.0%5.3%
Bristol (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Brunswick4.3%1.0%5.3%
Buchanan4.3%1.0%5.3%
Buckingham4.3%1.0%5.3%
Buena Vista (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Campbell4.3%1.0%5.3%
Caroline4.3%1.0%5.3%
Carroll4.3%1.0%5.3%
Charles City4.3%1.0%5.3%
Charlotte4.3%1.0%5.3%
Charlottesville (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Chesapeake (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Chesterfield4.3%1.0%5.3%
Clarke4.3%1.0%5.3%
Colonial Heights (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Covington (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Craig4.3%1.0%5.3%
Culpeper4.3%1.0%5.3%
Cumberland4.3%1.0%5.3%
Danville (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Dickenson4.3%1.0%5.3%
Dinwiddie4.3%1.0%5.3%
Emporia (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Essex4.3%1.0%5.3%
Fairfax (city)4.3%1.7%6.0%
Fairfax4.3%1.7%6.0%
Falls Church (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Fauquier4.3%1.0%5.3%
Floyd4.3%1.0%5.3%
Fluvanna4.3%1.0%5.3%
Franklin (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Franklin4.3%1.0%5.3%
Frederick4.3%1.0%5.3%
Fredericksburg (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Galax (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Giles4.3%1.0%5.3%
Gloucester4.3%1.0%5.3%
Goochland4.3%1.0%5.3%
Grayson4.3%1.0%5.3%
Greene4.3%1.0%5.3%
Greensville4.3%1.0%5.3%
Halifax4.3%1.0%5.3%
Hampton (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Hanover4.3%1.0%5.3%
Harrisonburg (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Henrico4.3%1.0%5.3%
Henry4.3%1.0%5.3%
Highland4.3%1.0%5.3%
Hopewell (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Isle of Wight4.3%1.7%6.0%
James City4.3%1.7%6.0%
King and Queen4.3%1.0%5.3%
King George4.3%1.0%5.3%
King William4.3%1.0%5.3%
Lancaster4.3%1.0%5.3%
Lee4.3%1.0%5.3%
Lexington (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Loudoun4.3%1.7%6.0%
Louisa4.3%1.0%5.3%
Lunenburg4.3%1.0%5.3%
Lynchburg (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Madison4.3%1.0%5.3%
Manassas (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Manassas Park (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Martinsville (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Mathews4.3%1.0%5.3%
Mecklenburg4.3%1.0%5.3%
Middlesex4.3%1.0%5.3%
Montgomery4.3%1.0%5.3%
Nelson4.3%1.0%5.3%
New Kent4.3%1.0%5.3%
Newport News (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Norfolk (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Northampton4.3%1.0%5.3%
Northumberland4.3%1.0%5.3%
Norton (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Nottoway4.3%1.0%5.3%
Orange4.3%1.0%5.3%
Page4.3%1.0%5.3%
Patrick4.3%1.0%5.3%
Petersburg (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Pittsylvania4.3%1.0%5.3%
Poquoson (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Portsmouth (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Powhatan4.3%1.0%5.3%
Prince Edward4.3%1.0%5.3%
Prince George4.3%1.0%5.3%
Prince William4.3%1.7%6.0%
Pulaski4.3%1.0%5.3%
Radford (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Rappahannock4.3%1.0%5.3%
Richmond (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Richmond4.3%1.0%5.3%
Roanoke (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Roanoke4.3%1.0%5.3%
Rockbridge4.3%1.0%5.3%
Rockingham4.3%1.0%5.3%
Russell4.3%1.0%5.3%
Salem (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Scott4.3%1.0%5.3%
Shenandoah4.3%1.0%5.3%
Smyth4.3%1.0%5.3%
Southampton4.3%1.7%6.0%
Spotsylvania4.3%1.0%5.3%
Stafford4.3%1.0%5.3%
Staunton (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Suffolk (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Surry4.3%1.0%5.3%
Sussex4.3%1.0%5.3%
Tazewell4.3%1.0%5.3%
Virginia Beach (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Warren4.3%1.0%5.3%
Washington4.3%1.0%5.3%
Waynesboro (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Westmoreland4.3%1.0%5.3%
Williamsburg (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Winchester (city)4.3%1.0%5.3%
Wise4.3%1.0%5.3%
Wythe4.3%1.0%5.3%
York4.3%1.7%6.0%

Virginia has a separate rate for most food items: 2.5% for unprepared food of the sort found in a grocery store and between 4% and 6.5% for prepared foods. Most types of medicine, including nonprescription drugs, are exempt from sales tax in Virginia.

There is one three-day sales tax holiday in Virginia. The holiday lasts the first weekend in August and during the holiday, three different types of products, up to a certain price, may be purchased free of sales tax.

  • Hurricane preparedness equipment (up to $60 per item) and home generators (up to $1,000 per item)
  • Clothing (up to $100 per item) and school supplies (up to $20 per item)
  • Energy Star products, up to a maximum price of $1,000

Virginia Property Tax

The average effective property tax rate in Virginia is 0.79%, 17th-lowest in the country. That means that, on average, Virginians pay 0.79% of their home value in property taxes every year. However, since property taxes in Virginia are assessed and collected at the local level, by county and city governments, that rate varies depending on location. The highest effective property tax rate in Virginia can be found in the city of Manassas Park, which has a property tax rate of 1.37%. The lowest effective rate is in Buchanan County at 0.42%.

If you’re looking to refinance your home or purchase a new one, take a look at our Virginia mortgage rates guide, where you’ll find information on getting a mortgage and mortgage rates in each county of Virginia.

Virginia Estate Tax

Virginia’s estate tax was repealed on July 1, 2007. Estates of decedents whose death occurred after that date are not required to file an estate tax return.

Virginia Capital Gains Tax

Capital gains (from the sale of a home, for example) in Virginia are taxed as regular income, which means they will likely face the top rate of 5.75%.

Virginia Gas Tax

The state gas tax in Virginia is 22.40 cents per gallon. That is 13th-lowest in the nation.

Photo credit: flickr
  • Eight U.S. Presidents were born in Virginia, more than any other state.
  • The Virginia General Assembly, which has been in existence since 1619, is the oldest law-making body in the Americas.
  • The largest city in Virginia is Virginia Beach, with about 450,000 residents.

Places with the Lowest Tax Burden

Are you curious how your tax burden stacks up against others in your state? SmartAsset’s interactive map highlights the counties with the lowest tax burden. Scroll over any county in the state to learn about taxes in that specific area.

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Better
Rank County Income Tax Sales Tax Property Tax Fuel Tax

Methodology

Where you live can have a big impact on both which types of taxes you have to pay each year and how much money you spend on them. SmartAsset calculated the amount of money a specific person would pay in income, sales, property and fuel taxes in each county in the country and ranked the lowest to highest tax burden.

To better compare income tax burdens across counties, we used the national median household income. We then applied relevant deductions and exemptions before calculating federal, state and local income taxes.

In order to determine sales tax burden we estimated that 35% of take-home (after-tax) pay is spent on taxable goods. We multiplied the average sales tax rate for a county by the household income less income tax. This product is then multiplied by 35% to estimate the sales tax paid.

For property taxes, we compared the median property taxes paid in each county.

For fuel taxes, we first distributed statewide vehicle miles traveled down to the county level using the number of vehicles in each county. We then calculated the total number of licensed drivers within each county. The countywide miles were then distributed amongst the licensed drivers in the county, which gave us the miles driven per licensed driver. Using the nationwide average fuel economy, we calculated the average gallons of gas used per driver in each county and multiplied that by the fuel tax.

We then added the dollar amount for income, sales, property and fuel taxes to rank the counties to calculate a total tax burden.

Sources: US Census Bureau 2016 American Community Survey, Government Sources, Avalara, American Petroleum Institute, GasBuddy, UMTRI, Federal Highway Administration, SmartAsset