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Massachusetts Income Tax Calculator

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Overview of Massachusetts Taxes

Massachusetts has a flat income tax rate of 5%, but charges a 4% surtax on income over $1 million. The state also has a flat statewide sales tax rate of 6.25%. The state’s income tax rate is only one of a handful of states that levy a flat rate.

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Household Income
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Location
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Filing Status
401(k) Contribution
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IRA Contribution
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Itemized Deductions
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Number of State Personal Exemptions
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Your Income Taxes Breakdown

Tax Type Marginal 
Tax Rate
Effective 
Tax Rate
2023 
Taxes*
Federal
FICA
State
Local
Total Income Taxes
Income After Taxes
Retirement Contributions
Take-Home Pay

* These are the taxes owed for the 2023 - 2024 filing season.

Your 2023 Federal Income Tax Comparison

  • Your marginal federal income tax rate
  • Your effective federal income tax rate
  • Your federal income taxes

Total Estimated 2023 Tax Burden

Income Tax $
Sales Tax $
Fuel Tax $
Property Tax$
Total Estimated Tax Burden $
Percent of income to taxes = %
$
  • About This Answer

    Our income tax calculator calculates your federal, state and local taxes based on several key inputs: your household income, location, filing status and number of personal exemptions.

    How Income Taxes Are Calculated

    • First, we calculate your adjusted gross income (AGI) by taking your total household income and reducing it by certain items such as contributions to your 401(k).
    • Next, from AGI we subtract exemptions and deductions (either itemized or standard) to get your taxable income. Exemptions can be claimed for each taxpayer as well as dependents such as one’s spouse or children.
    • Based on your filing status, your taxable income is then applied to the the tax brackets to calculate your federal income taxes owed for the year.
    • Your location will determine whether you owe local and / or state taxes.
    ...read more
  • Last Updated: January 1, 2024

    When Do We Update? - We regularly check for any updates to the latest tax rates and regulations.

    Customer Service - If you would like to leave any feedback, feel free to email info@smartasset.com.

    ...read more
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Taxes in Massachusetts

Massachusetts State Tax Quick Facts

  • State income tax: 5.00% flat rate, 4% surtax on income over $1 million
  • Sales tax: 6.25%
  • Property tax: 1.20% effective rate
  • Gas tax: 24 cents per gallon of regular gasoline and diesel

Boston Harbor may be the site of the most famous tax protest in history, but today Bay Staters pay taxes on a lot more than tea. The most significant taxes in Massachusetts are the sales and income taxes, both of which consist of a flat rate paid by residents statewide. The Massachusetts income tax rate is 5.00%. While the state sales tax of 6.25% is among the nation's highest, there are no local sales taxes levied in Massachusetts. 

A financial advisor can help you understand how taxes fit into your overall financial goals. SmartAsset’s free tool matches you with up to three vetted financial advisors who serve your area, and you can have a free introductory call with your advisor matches to decide which one you feel is right for you. If you’re ready to find an advisor who can help you achieve your financial goals, get started now.

Massachusetts Income Taxes

The income tax rate in Massachusetts is 5.00%. That rate applies equally to all taxable income up to $1 million. As mentioned above, incomes that exceed this threshold are subject to a 4% surtax that was first instituted in 2023. State residents who would like to contribute more to the state’s coffers also have the option to pay a higher income tax rate. Few taxpayers choose to do so.

Massachusetts does not have a standard deduction, but it allows many of the same itemized deductions as the federal government, as well as some additional ones. For example, taxpayers can make deductions for child care expenses, college tuition (if it exceeds 25% of Massachusetts adjusted gross income), certain commuter costs, rental payments (50% of rent up to $4,000) and student loan interest payments.

In addition to those deductions, taxpayers can claim a personal exemption to lower their taxable income.

Massachusetts Personal Exemption Amounts

Filing StatusPersonal Exemption
Single$4,400
Head of Household$6,800
Married filing Separate$4,400
Married filing Joint$8,800

Residents of Massachusetts are also subject to a penalty if they do not have health insurance coverage, which is paid through their tax return. There is a three-month grace period for health coverage lapses, after which the penalty accumulates on a monthly basis, up to about $183 per month. The total penalty depends on income.

Massachusetts Capital Gains Tax

Capital gains in Massachusetts are taxed at one of two rates. Most long-term capital gains, as well as interest and dividend income, are taxed at the standard income tax rate of 5.00%. Capital gains in those categories are included as taxable income on the Massachusetts income tax return. Short-term capital gains, which are realized in less than a year, are taxed at a rate of 8.5%, as are long-term gains on the sales of collectibles.

Massachusetts Sales Tax

The state sales tax rate in Massachusetts is 6.25%. There are no additional local taxes collected, so 6.25% is the rate you will pay regardless of where you are in the state. The tax is on the purchase or use of “tangible personal property.” This includes nearly any purchasable good, with some exceptions.

Most food sold in grocery stores is exempt from sales tax entirely. Clothing purchases, including shoes, jackets and even costumes, are exempt up to $175. A product that costs more than $175 is taxable above that amount, so a $200 pair of shoes would be taxed at 6.25% on the $25 above the exemption limit. Other exempt items include newspapers, admissions tickets (i.e. to movies or sporting events), professional or personal services and most health care products.

Massachusetts Property Tax

Property taxes in Massachusetts are one of the most significant sources of revenue for local governments. In some counties, median property taxes paid exceed $6,000 per year. The median property tax bill in the state is $5,091 – one of the highest in the country.

If you are planning on refinancing or getting a home loan in Massachusetts, take a look at our Massachusetts mortgage rates guide.

Massachusetts Estate Tax

Massachusetts has its own estate tax, which applies to any estate above the exclusion amount of $2 million. If the estate has a gross value (before any deductions) over that level, a Massachusetts estate tax return must be filed. Estate tax rates range from 0.8% to 16%. 

Massachusetts Estate Tax Rates

Taxable EstateMarginal Rate
$0 - $40,0000.00%
$40,000 - $90,0000.80%
$90,000 - $140,0001.60%
$140,000 - $240,0002.40%
$240,000 - $440,0003.20%
$440,000 - $640,0004.00%
$640,000 - $840,0004.80%
$840,000 - $1,040,0005.60%
$1,040,000 - $1,540,0006.40%
$1,540,000 - $2,040,0007.20%
$2,040,000 - $2,540,0008.00%
$2,540,000 - $3,040,0008.80%
$3,040,000 - $3,540,0009.60%
$3,540,000 - $4,040,00010.40%
$4,040,000 - $5,040,00011.20%
$5,040,000 - $6,040,00012.00%
$6,040,000 - $7,040,00012.80%
$7,040,000 - $8,040,00013.60%
$8,040,000 - $9,040,00014.40%
$9,040,000 - $10,040,00015.20%
$10,040,000+16.00%

Massachusetts Cigarette Tax

Massachusetts has some of the highest cigarette taxes in the nation. The tax is $3.51 per pack of 20, which puts the average price of cigarettes in Massachusetts at around $9 per pack.

Massachusetts Alcohol Tax

Massachusetts taxes alcohol at varying rates: 11 cents per gallon of beer, 55 cents per gallon of wine and $4.05 per gallon of liquor.

Massachusetts Gas Tax

Gasoline and diesel taxes in Massachusetts each total 24 cents per gallon.

Photo credit: flickr
  • Plymouth, Massachusetts was founded by pilgrims who were aboard the ship the Mayflower in 1620.
  • While Massachusetts is the seventh smallest state in the U.S. by area, it is the 16th largest state by population.
  • Harvard University, founded in Boston in 1636, is the oldest institution of higher education in the U.S.

Places with the Lowest Tax Burden

Are you curious how your tax burden stacks up against others in your state? SmartAsset’s interactive map highlights the counties with the lowest tax burden. Scroll over any county in the state to learn about taxes in that specific area.

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Rank County Income Tax Sales Tax Property Tax Fuel Tax

Methodology

Where you live can have a big impact on both which types of taxes you have to pay each year and how much money you spend on them. SmartAsset calculated the amount of money a specific person would pay in income, sales, property and fuel taxes in each county in the country and ranked the lowest to highest tax burden.

To better compare income tax burdens across counties, we used the national median household income. We then applied relevant deductions and exemptions before calculating federal, state and local income taxes.

In order to determine sales tax burden we estimated that 35% of take-home (after-tax) pay is spent on taxable goods. We multiplied the average sales tax rate for a county by the household income less income tax. This product is then multiplied by 35% to estimate the sales tax paid.

For property taxes, we compared the median property taxes paid in each county.

For fuel taxes, we first distributed statewide vehicle miles traveled down to the county level using the number of vehicles in each county. We then calculated the total number of licensed drivers within each county. The countywide miles were then distributed amongst the licensed drivers in the county, which gave us the miles driven per licensed driver. Using the nationwide average fuel economy, we calculated the average gallons of gas used per driver in each county and multiplied that by the fuel tax.

We then added the dollar amount for income, sales, property and fuel taxes to rank the counties to calculate a total tax burden.

Sources: US Census Bureau 2014 American Community Survey, Government Sources, Avalara, American Petroleum Institute, GasBuddy, UMTRI, Federal Highway Administration, SmartAsset