It’s easy to see your seemingly rich friend and forget about the fact that there are people in this country whose wealth makes the average doctor or lawyer seem like a pauper by comparison. Ultra-high net worth investors typically have different objectives when it comes to investing than the typical investor. They have significantly more money at stake and, therefore, need to go beyond basic portfolio diversification strategies to minimize their risk and avoid concentrating too much money in any one particular investment. With that in mind, what is the right ultra-high net worth asset allocation for 2022 and beyond?
No matter your net worth, consider finding a financial advisor to help make it grow.
What is Considered Ultra-High Net Worth?
There are several different classes of investors that are categorized by the amount of money they have available to invest. These numbers focus on investable assets, therefore, they exclude your home’s equity.
Average investors generally have less than $100,000 and much of this is in their retirement accounts at work. High net worth investors typically have liquid financial assets of at least $1 million. Very high net worth clients have at least $5 million in liquid assets. To be classified as ultra-high net worth, you need at least $30 million available to invest.
Ultra-High Net Worth Asset Allocation For 2022
With portfolios starting at $30 million, ultra-high net worth investors need a financial plan to manage their assets. Most want to grow their money safely while taking calculated risks with portions of their portfolio.
According to a study of private wealth manager data by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts (KKR), the asset allocations for ultra-high net worth investors differ dramatically from other types of investors.
|Asset Allocation by Wealth Status|
|Asset Allocation||Ultra-High Net Worth||Pensions||High Net Worth|
As you can see, ultra-high net worth investors have almost half of their money in alternative investments, while investing less than 30% in domestic and international equities. By comparison, the average investor typically has 50% to 90% of their portfolio invested in stocks.
How to Achieve Diversification in Ultra-High Net Worth Portfolios
To achieve a diversified portfolio, the ultra-high net worth asset allocation should incorporate the following strategies.
Having a diversified portfolio can be a bigger challenge for ultra-high net worth investors. Even when investing a small percentage of your portfolio, the investment could be millions of dollars. Depending on the chosen investment, that could pose concentration risk issues. A financial advisor can help achieve diversification not only among asset classes but also individual investments to reduce these risks.
As the study above illustrates, investing in alternative investments is popular among ultra-high net worth investors. This asset class is quite broad and includes a variety of choices, such as real estate, commodities, paintings, classic cars, cryptocurrency, and more. Many of these assets are illiquid with high transaction costs, so they are typically held for longer periods of time. Assessing current value can also be a challenge because they may be unique assets with low turnover.
For the money that is needed in the short term, it is important to minimize market volatility. As the chart above shows, ultra-high net worth investors often hold more cash in their portfolios than other investors. The difference is more noticeable when expressed in dollars versus percentages. Ultra-high net worth investors with $30 million and 10% in cash have $3 million in cash, compared to high net worth investors with a $1 million portfolio and 2% in cash ($20,000). Financial advisors help investors earn higher yields on this cash allocation without introducing more risk to their portfolios.
The Bottom Line
As an ultra-high net worth investor, it is important to manage your portfolio through all market cycles. Having proper asset allocation allows you to maintain your lifestyle today while also achieving your long-term financial goals. Determining the right ultra-high net worth asset allocation can be a challenge. But, working with a financial planner can help you meet your goals for today and in the future.
Asset Allocation Tips
- Having a diversified portfolio minimizes volatility without sacrificing growth. Nobody can predict which sector will perform the best, so having portions of each sector enables you to participate in its growth. Our asset allocation calculator helps you create a diversified portfolio while meeting your financial goals.
- Ultra-high net worth investors surround themselves with teams of advisors to manage their wealth, business, and personal lives. Finding a qualified financial advisor doesn’t have to be hard. SmartAsset’s free tool matches you with up to three financial advisors who serve your area, and you can interview your advisor matches at no cost to decide which one is right for you. If you’re ready to find an advisor who can help you achieve your financial goals, get started now.
Photo credit: ©iStock.com/eli77, ©iStock.com/amoklv, ©iStock.com/Nastasic