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How to Create a Financial Power of Attorney in New Mexico


A financial power of attorney (POA) can allow you to authorize another person to manage your financial affairs when you are away or incapacitated. Here are the requirements for creating a financial power of attorney in New Mexico. For help with your own financial or estate planning, consider talking to a financial advisor.

What Is a Financial Power of Attorney?

A financial POA is a legal document that authorizes one person, known as the agent or attorney-in-fact, to act on behalf of another person, called the principal, in financial matters. This authority can cover a wide range of financial activities, from managing bank accounts and investments to paying bills and handling real estate transactions. The principal can specify the extent of the agent’s powers, which can be broad or limited to particular tasks.

The primary purpose of this legal document is to ensure that financial affairs are managed according to the principal’s wishes, especially in situations where they may be unable to do so themselves due to illness, absence or incapacity.

An agent acting under a financial POA has a fiduciary duty to act in the principal’s best interest, maintaining a high standard of care and loyalty. This responsibility includes keeping detailed records of all transactions conducted on the principal’s behalf. Legal safeguards are in place to protect the principal, including the ability to revoke the POA at any time, provided the principal is mentally competent. Additionally, the courts can intervene in cases of suspected abuse or misconduct by the agent.

How to Create a Financial Power of Attorney in New Mexico

Clients meeting with a financial advisor to create a financial power of attorney in New Mexico.

If you’re interested in creating a financial POA, follow these five common steps in New Mexico:

  1. Choose your agent: Select a trusted individual who is responsible and capable of handling financial matters on your behalf. This person will have the authority to make decisions and act in your best interest.
  2. Determine the scope of authority: Decide whether you want to grant broad or limited powers to your agent. This can include managing bank accounts, paying bills, handling investments and dealing with real estate transactions.
  3. Draft the document: Use a standardized form or consult with an attorney to draft the financial POA document. Make sure that it clearly outlines the agent’s powers and any specific instructions or limitations.
  4. Sign the document: The principal must sign the financial POA in the presence of a notary public to make it legally binding. This step helps verify the authenticity of the document and prevents fraud.
  5. Distribute Copies: Provide copies of the signed and notarized POA to the agent, financial institutions and any other relevant parties. This will notify all parties involved of the agent’s authority.

How to Terminate a Financial Power of Attorney in New Mexico

There are several reasons why you might need to revoke a POA. These include changes in your relationship with the agent, the agent’s inability to fulfill their duties or a change in your financial circumstances that makes the existing arrangement unsuitable.

To effectively terminate a Financial POA in New Mexico, follow these essential steps:

  • First, draft a revocation document. This document must clearly state your intention to revoke the existing POA, including details about the original POA, such as the date it was executed and the name of the agent.
  • Second, sign the revocation document in the presence of a notary public. This step makes the revocation legally binding. Notarization provides a layer of authenticity and helps prevent any disputes about the document’s validity. After signing, distribute copies of the revocation to all relevant parties, including the agent and any institutions or individuals who were aware of the original POA.
  • Lastly, retrieve and destroy any physical copies of the original POA as a precaution. This step is not required, but it aims to prevent any unauthorized use.

Bottom Line

A senior couple reviewing their financial power of attorney in New Mexico.

You can protect your assets in New Mexico by creating a financial POA. This legal document authorizes you to appoint another person to manage your finances in the event that you are absent or incapacitated. When creating a financial POA, make sure you select a trustworthy agent, clearly define the powers in the document and follow the legal formalities to get it notarized.

Tips for Estate Planning

  • A financial advisor can help you create an estate plan for your short- and long-term financial goals. Finding a financial advisor doesn’t have to be hard. SmartAsset’s free tool matches you with up to three vetted financial advisors who serve your area, and you can have a free introductory call with your advisor matches to decide which one you feel is right for you. If you’re ready to find an advisor who can help you achieve your financial goals, get started now.
  • If you’re interested in creating your own estate planning, consider using this checklist to help you get started in the right direction.

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