Overview of West Virginia Taxes
West Virginia has some of the lowest property tax rates in the country. Its average effective property tax rate of 0.59% is lower than all but six other states, and about half the national average.
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To calculate the exact amount of property tax you will owe requires your property's assessed value and the property tax rates based on your property's address. Please note that we can only estimate your property tax based on median property taxes in your area. There are typically multiple rates in a given area, because your state, county, local schools and emergency responders each receive funding partly through these taxes. In our calculator, we take your home value and multiply that by your county's effective property tax rate. This is equal to the median property tax paid as a percentage of the median home value in your county.
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Jennifer Mansfield Tax
Jennifer Mansfield, CPA, JD/LLM-Tax, is a Certified Public Accountant with more than 30 years of experience providing tax advice. SmartAsset’s tax expert has a degree in Accounting and Business/Management from the University of Wyoming, as well as both a Masters in Tax Laws and a Juris Doctorate from Georgetown University Law Center. Jennifer has mostly worked in public accounting firms, including Ernst & Young and Deloitte. She is passionate about helping provide people and businesses with valuable accounting and tax advice to allow them to prosper financially. Jennifer lives in Arizona and was recently named to the Greater Tucson Leadership Program.
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West Virginia Property Tax
Buying a home in the Blue Ridge Mountains? The Shenendoah Valley? If so, you’ll want to know about property taxes in the Mountaineer State. West Virginia has some of the lowest property tax rates in the country. Its average effective property tax rate of 0.59% is lower than all but six other states, and about half the national average. You’ll also want to know about mortgage rates in the state. Take a look at our West Virginia mortgage guide for details on mortgages in the Mountain State – for both purchases and refinances. Read on to learn the most important aspects of West Virginia’s property tax, and to learn about rates from around the state.
How Property Taxes Work in West Virginia
Property taxes in West Virginia can be paid in two annual installments, the first due by September 1 and the second due by March 1. Taxes are based on the assessed value of a property and the total tax rate that applies to the property.
Assessed value is based on, but not equal to, the true value of the property. Homes are reappraised at least once every three years in West Virginia. The objective of the appraisal is to determine the full market value of the property – the price a seller would receive for it on the market.
Assessed value is equal to 60% of that appraised value. Assessed values are updated annually based on market data, and to incorporate improvements or changes made to the property. Homeowners must be notified if assessed value increases by $1,000 or 10% in a given year.
West Virginia Property Tax Rates
Tax rates in West Virginia apply to that assessed value. Counties, cities, school districts and other special tax districts can levy property taxes. The rate paid on an individual property is the sum of those rates, which are expressed as cents per $100 in assessed value.
So, for example, if you have a home with a market value of $100,000 and a tax rate of 80, you would calculate property taxes like so. Assessed value would be $60,000 (60% of market value). Divide assessed value by 100 and multiply by the rate, 0.80, to get annual taxes: $480.
The effective tax rate on property is the amount paid annually as a percentage of home value. The table below shows median home value, median annual property taxes and the average effective rate for each on of West Virginia’s 55 counties.
|County||Median Home Value||Median Annual Property Tax Payment||Average Effective Property Tax Rate|
Kanawha County lies along the Kanawha River in central West Virginia. It has a population of around 190,000, making it the largest county in West Virginia. The county’s largest city is Charleston, the state capital.
Property tax rates in Kanawha County are higher than the state average, though still low by national standards. The county’s average effective rate is 0.68%. In Charleston, the total rate is 274.84 cents per $100 in assessed value. That includes municipal rate totaling 53 cents per $100 and school rates totaling 138 cents per 100.
Located in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia, along the border with Maryland, Berkeley County has some of the highest property taxes in the state. The median annual property tax paid by homeowners in Berkeley County is $1,153, second highest in West Virginia. That is still far lower than the national median of $2,107 however.
Monongalia County sits along the Pennsylvania border in northern West Virginia. Its average effective property tax rate is 0.48%, which ranks as the 20th lowest in the state. In Morgantown, which is the largest city in the county, the total rate is 242.84 cents per $100 in assessed value. That means homeowners in Morganton pay higher rates than most homeowners in the county.
Situated along the Ohio River in the western region of the state, Cabell County has property taxes higher than the state average. Homeowners in the county pay a median annual property tax of $706. That is about $100 more than the state average, but just one-third of the national average.
With a population of about 87,000, Wood County is the fifth largest county in West Virginia. The average effective tax rate in Wood County is 0.61%, 16th highest in the state. In Parkersburg, the largest city in the county, the total property tax rate is 293.68 cents per $100 in assessed value. (Assessed value is equal to approximately 60% of market value.)
Raleigh County is located in southern West Virginia. According to the US Census Bureau, the median home value in the county is just $93,900, slightly more than half the national median. In part because of those low home values, homeowners in general pay very low annual property taxes. The median annual property tax in Raleigh County is $495.
Harrison County is the seventh most populous county in West Virginia. It is named for Benjamin Harrison V, a former West Virginia governor and father of William Henry Harrison, the ninth U.S. president. Property taxes in Harrison County are near the state averages. The county’s average effective property tax rate is 0.63%.
The median property tax paid by homeowners in this southern West Virginia County is a mere $415 per year. That is less than one-fifth of the national average. In all six of the county’s municipalities (Athens, Bluefield, Bramwell, Matoaka, Oakvale and Princeton), the total rate is 277.60 cents per $100 of assessed value.
Marion County is located southwest of Morgantown, in central West Virginia. It has the average property tax rates of any county in the state. The average effective property tax rate in Marion County is 0.73%. At that rate, a homeowner with a home worth $100,000 would pay $730 annually in property taxes.
While the average effective property tax rate in Putnam County is equal to the state average of 0.59%,property taxes paid are somewhat higher. That’s because the typical home in Putnam County is worth more than the average home in the entire state. The county’s median home value is $142,900, compared with a state median of just under $100,000.
Property Tax: Which Counties are Getting the Best Bang for Their Buck
SmartAsset’s interactive map highlights the places across the country where property tax dollars are being spent most effectively. Zoom between states and the national map to see the counties getting the biggest bang for their property tax buck.
Our study aims to find the places in the United States where people are getting the most for their property tax dollars. To do this we looked at school rankings, crime rates and property taxes for every county.
As a way to measure the quality of schools, we calculated the average math and reading/language arts proficiencies for all the school districts in the country. Within each state, these schools were then ranked between 1 and 10 (with 10 being the best) based on those average scores.
For each county, we calculated the violent and property crimes per 100,000 residents.
Using the school and crime numbers, we calculated a community score. This is the ratio of the school rank to the combined crime rate per 100,000 residents.
We used the number of households, median home value and average property tax rate to calculate a per capita property tax collected for each county.
Finally, we calculated a tax value by creating a ratio of the community score to the per capita property tax paid. This shows us the counties in the country where people are getting the most bang for their buck, or where their property tax dollars are going the furthest.
Sources: US Census Bureau 2016 American Community Survey, Department of Education, Federal Bureau of Investigation, State Police or Justice Department websites