Overview of Pennsylvania Taxes
Overall, Pennsylvania has property tax rates that are higher than national averages. In fact, the state carries a 1.36% average effective property tax rate in comparison to the 0.99% national average. Effective property tax rates on a county basis range from 0.87% to 2.45%.
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To calculate the exact amount of property tax you will owe requires your property's assessed value and the property tax rates based on your property's address. Please note that we can only estimate your property tax based on median property taxes in your area. There are typically multiple rates in a given area, because your state, county, local schools and emergency responders each receive funding partly through these taxes. In our calculator, we take your home value and multiply that by your county's effective property tax rate. This is equal to the median property tax paid as a percentage of the median home value in your county.
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Pennsylvania Property Taxes
Property taxes in Pennsylvania vary greatly from one area to the next. Each county has its own system of property tax assessment and a wide number of tax authorities such as municipalities and school districts determine rates. For example, although Pennsylvania has a 1.36% average effective property tax rate, the rates on a county level vary from as little as 0.87% to as high as 2.45%.
If you’re looking to purchase a home in Pennsylvania, whether it’s in Bedford county, Monroe County or somewhere in between, you’ll want to consult our mortgage rates guide for all the essential information about getting a mortgage in the Keystone State.
A financial advisor can help you understand how homeownership fits into your overall financial goals. SmartAsset’s free tool matches you with up to three vetted financial advisors who serve your area, and you can interview your advisor matches at no cost to decide which one is right for you. If you’re ready to find an advisor who can help you achieve your financial goals, get started now.
Pennsylvania Property Tax Rules
Property taxes are administered at the county level in Pennsylvania. In every county, the sum of local tax rates (school taxes, municipal taxes and county taxes) is applied to the assessed value of each property. However, each county has its own system for determining assessed value.
In some counties, assessed value is (or should be) equal to the current market value of property. In other counties, assessed value is equal to some percentage of current market value.
The state publishes Common Level Ratios (CLR) that represent the ratio of assessed values in a county to market value. So, for example, if a county has a CLR of 4, a home worth $100,000 should have an assessed value of $25,000 (regardless of the system the county uses to assess property).
Homeowners whose home is above the assessed value based on this CLR can appeal their assessment. However, the burden of proof is on the homeowners in Pennsylvania: they need to produce pictures, and sales data of comparable properties, to demonstrate their home’s current market value.
Pennsylvania Property Tax Rates
Local tax authorities determine tax rates in Pennsylvania based on their revenue needs. Rates are expressed as “mills.” One mill is equal to $1 of property tax for every $1,000 in assessed value.
Since every county uses its own system to determined assessed values, mill rates in one are not comparable to mill rates in another. For this reason, it useful to look at effective tax rates. The effective tax rate is equal to the annual property tax as a percentage of home value. The table below shows the average effective rate for every county in Pennsylvania, along with median home values and median annual tax bills.
|County||Median Home Value||Median Annual Property Tax Payment||Average Effective Property Tax Rate|
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Pennsylvania’s most populous county is Philadelphia County, which is coterminous with the city of Philadelphia. It also has the third-lowest average property tax rates in the state. More specifically, the county’s average effective property tax rate is 1.05% in comparison to the state average of 1.36%.
Philadelphia assesses property at 100% of current market value. Philadelphia assesses property every year to determine market value based on numerous factors, including the size, location and condition of a property. The assessor also looks at recent sales of comparable properties.
If you have questions about how property taxes can affect your overall financial plans, a financial advisor in Philadelphia can help you out.
The average effective property tax rate in Allegheny County is 2.00%, more than double the rate in Philadelphia County. That means that the median annual property tax paid by homeowners in Allegheny County is more than $1,000 higher than the median in Philadelphia County.
The most recent reassessment in Allegheny County was 2012. Property values across much of the county have climbed since then. The current Common Level Ratio in Allegheny County is 1.14.
Located north of Philadelphia, Montgomery County has property tax rates near the state average, but much higher than those in the City of Brotherly Love. The average effective rate in Montgomery County is 1.62%. At that rate, a homeowner with a home worth $326,200 would pay $5,273 annually in property taxes.
This eastern Pennsylvania county has some of the highest annual property tax payments in the state. The median annual property tax paid by homeowners in Bucks County is $5,282, which ranks as one of the highest amounts in the state. It's also around double the national median, which is $2,795.
Situated along the Delaware River between the state of Delaware and the city of Philadelphia, Delaware County has the second highest property tax rate in Pennsylvania. The county’s average effective property tax rate is 2.30%.
That rate applied to a home worth $247,900 (the county median) would result in an annual property tax bill of $5,690. That's far above the median property tax payment for the state of Pennsylvania, which sits at $3,018.
With a population of about 540,000, Lancaster County is one of the largest counties in Pennsylvania. Homeowners here pay tax rates slightly higher than the state average. The county’s average effective tax rate is 1.68%.
In the city of Lancaster, the total mill rate varies based on where you are in county, with totals ranging from about 14 to 36.(A mill is $1 in taxes per $1,000 in assessed value.) Assessed value in Lancaster County is equal to full market value.
Southeast Pennsylvania’s Chester County has the highest median home value of any county in the state. According to the U.S. Census, the median home value in Chester County is $369,500. So, while tax rates in Chester County are near the state average, the amount paid by homeowners is quite high. The median annual property tax payment in Chester County is $5,735.
York County stretches from the Maryland border to the southern suburbs of Harrisburg. The county’s average effective property tax is 1.97%. In the city of York, the total mill rate is about 60 mills. Assessed property in York County is equal to about 87% of market value.
Located between Harrisburg and Allentown, Berks County has some of the highest property tax rates of any county in Pennsylvania. The county’s average effective property tax rate is 2.04%. At that rate, taxes on a home worth $187,600 would be $3,820 annually.
Westmoreland County lies east of Pittsburgh and is part of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area. Property tax rates in Westmoreland County actually compare favorably to those in the Steel City. The county’s average effective property tax rate is 1.47%, well below the rate in neighboring Allegheny County, which is 2.00%.