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Minnesota Retirement Tax Friendliness

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Overview of Minnesota Retirement Tax Friendliness

Minnesota taxes Social Security retirement benefits and all other forms of retirement income. Sales taxes in the state are relatively high, while property taxes are close to average.

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Annual Social Security Income
Annual Retirement Account Income
Annual Wages
Year of Birth
Filing Status
Annual Income from Private Pension
Annual Income from Public Pension
You will pay of Minnesota state taxes on your pre-tax income of
Your Tax Breakdown
Total Taxes
Quick Guide to Retirement Income Taxes
is toward retirees.
Social Security income is taxed.
Withdrawals from retirement accounts are taxed.
Wages are taxed at normal rates, and your marginal state tax rate is %.
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    Jennifer Mansfield, CPA Tax

    Jennifer Mansfield, CPA, JD/LLM-Tax, is a Certified Public Accountant with more than 30 years of experience providing tax advice. SmartAsset’s tax expert has a degree in Accounting and Business/Management from the University of Wyoming, as well as both a Masters in Tax Laws and a Juris Doctorate from Georgetown University Law Center. Jennifer has mostly worked in public accounting firms, including Ernst & Young and Deloitte. She is passionate about helping provide people and businesses with valuable accounting and tax advice to allow them to prosper financially. Jennifer lives in Arizona and was recently named to the Greater Tucson Leadership Program. more
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Minnesota Retirement Taxes

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If warm winters or low taxes are a priority for your retirement, Minnesota probably isn’t the state for you. It is one of the few states that taxes Social Security income. It also taxes other forms of retirement income while providing no deduction or exemption for seniors.

In other words, if you’re a retiree in Minnesota expect to pay taxes on your retirement income at rates from 5.35% to 9.85%. Sales taxes in the Land of One Thousand Lakes are relatively high, while property taxes are close to average.

A financial advisor in Minnesota can help you plan for retirement and other financial goals. Financial advisors can also help with investing and financial planning - including taxes, homeownership, insurance and estate planning - to make sure you are preparing for the future.

Is Minnesota tax-friendly for retirees?

Minnesota taxes Social Security income and all other forms of retirement income. Income tax rates in Minnesota are among the highest in the country, ranging from 5.35% to 9.85%.

Meanwhile, its sales and property taxes are not particularly low. The total state and average local sales tax rate is 7.46%. The average effective property tax rate is 1.08%, close to the national average. Minnesota also has an estate tax.

Is Social Security taxable in Minnesota?

Any Social Security income that is included in adjusted gross income (AGI) on your federal tax return will be subject to income tax in Minnesota. That income, in combination with any work income and all other retirement income, will be taxed at the rates shown in the table below.

Income Tax Brackets

Single Filers
Minnesota Taxable IncomeRate
​$0 - $26,9605.35%
$26,960 - $88,5506.80%
$88,550 - $164,4007.85%
Married, Filing Jointly
Minnesota Taxable IncomeRate
​$0 - $39,1405.35%
$39,140 - $156,5706.80%
​$156,570 - $273,4707.85%
Married, Filing Separately
Minnesota Taxable IncomeRate
​$0 - ​$19,7055.35%
​$19,705 - $78,2856.80%
$78,285 - $136,7357.85%
Head of Household
Minnesota Taxable IncomeRate
$0​ - $33,1905.35%
$33,190 - ​$133,3606.80%
$133,360 - $218,5407.85%

Are other forms of retirement income taxable in Minnesota?

All other retirement income is taxable in Minnesota. But if you're 65 or older, you can deduct as much as $9,600 of your retirement income, or $12,000 for married filers. However, if you file single and your income is higher than $33,700 or your file joint and your income is higher than $42,000, then you're not eligible for this deduction. All other retirement income you receive while living in Minnesota will be taxed at the rates outlined in the table above.

How high are property taxes in Minnesota?

Minnesota property taxes are close to the national average. The typical Minnesota homeowner spends below $2,700 annually on property taxes. The state’s average effective property tax rate is 1.08%, which is just above national marks.

What is the Minnesota senior citizens property tax deferral program?

The Minnesota senior citizens property tax deferral program is a form of property tax relief available to seniors below a certain household income threshold. To qualify, you must be age 65 or older with a household income of $60,000 or less.

Homeowners who are enrolled in the program pay a maximum of 3% of their household income on property taxes each year. The state pays any remainder on your behalf. However, that excess tax amount is deferred and must eventually be paid back with interest. This is typically done with the proceeds of an eventual home sale.

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How high are sales taxes in Minnesota?

The statewide sales tax rate in Minnesota is 6.88%. That's the sixth-highest statewide rate in the U.S. Additionally, cities and counties can collect their own taxes of up to 2%. On average, the total rate in Minnesota is 7.46%.

Those rates do not apply to all items, however. Most groceries and most types of clothing are exempt from the sales tax in Minnesota. All medicine, including both prescription and non-prescription drugs, is exempt from sales tax.

What other Minnesota taxes should I be concerned about?

Seniors who intend to leave any property or wealth to their loved ones may be affected by the Minnesota estate tax. The exemption on that tax increased to $3 million starting on Jan. 1, 2020. Estates with a value below the exemption amount will not be taxed. Tax rates for estates above that exemption range from 13% to 16%.

Most Tax Friendly Places for Retirees

SmartAsset’s interactive map highlights the places in the country with tax policies that are most favorable to retirees. Zoom between states and the national map to see the most tax-friendly places in each area of the country.

Rank City Income Tax Paid Property Tax Rate Sales Tax Paid Fuel Tax Paid Social Security Taxed?

Methodology To find the most tax friendly places for retirees, our study analyzed how the tax policies of each city would impact a theoretical retiree with an annual income of $50,000. Our analysis assumes a retiree receiving $15,000 from Social Security benefits, $10,000 from a private pension, $10,000 in wages and $15,000 from a retirement savings account like a 401(k) or IRA.

To calculate the expected income tax this person would pay in each location, we applied the relevant deductions and exemptions. This included the standard deduction, personal exemption and deductions for each specific type of retirement income. We then calculated how much this person would pay in income tax at federal, state, county and local levels.

We calculated the effective property tax rate by dividing median property tax paid by median home value for each city.

In order to determine sales tax burden we estimated that 35% of take-home (after-tax) pay is spent on taxable goods. We multiplied the average sales tax rate for a city by the household income after subtracting income tax. This product is then multiplied by 35% to estimate the sales tax paid.

For fuel taxes, we first distributed statewide vehicle miles traveled to the city level using the number of vehicles in each county. We then calculated miles driven per capita in each city. Using the nationwide average fuel economy, we calculated the average gallons of gas used per capita in each city and multiplied that by the fuel tax.

For each city we determined whether or not Social Security income was taxable.

Finally, we created an overall index weighted to best capture the taxes that most affect retirees. The income tax category made up 40% of the index, property taxes accounted for 30%, sales taxes 20% and fuel taxes 10%.

Sources: Internal Revenue Service, Social Security Administration, state websites, local government websites, US Census Bureau 2018 American Community Survey, Avalara, American Petroleum Institute, GasBuddy, UMTRI, Federal Highway Administration