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mandatory retirement plans

While many companies offer their employers access to 401(k) plans, there is no requirement mandating them to do so. But this could soon change under a proposal that would require more employers to offer their workers 401(k) plans and other tax-advantaged retirement savings plans.

A financial advisor can help you sort out your retirement accounts and create a plan for retirement. Find a financial advisor today.

Federal 401(k) Requirement Proposal

The House Ways and Means Committee is considering a new measure to require companies to automatically enroll their employees in either an IRA or a 401(k)-type program if they don’t offer a traditional workplace retirement plan, reported the industry journal Pensions and Investments.

The plan is being proposed by Committee Chairman Richard Neal (D-Mass.), who has long been a proponent of expanding retirement coverage for American workers. He originally introduced legislation to require employers to enroll workers in retirement plans in December 2017 as the Automatic Retirement Plan Act. Such a requirement is being discussed as a potential markup to the $3.5 trillion social spending plan that is the talk of Washington.

Note that this proposal is at an early stage of discussion. In order for legislation to become law, it needs to get passed in both houses of Congress and the president has to sign it.

The plan would require all companies to offer either a 401(k) or an IRA, with exceptions for governments, churches and companies with five or fewer employers or those that have existed for fewer than two years. This legislation would apply to all workers over 21 years old. Contributions from employers would not be required, but there would be an excise tax on businesses without an employer match.

States Also Moving to Require Retirement Plans

mandatory retirement plans

States have also taken action in recent years to help individuals save for retirement. According to Pew Charitable Trusts, eight states have established auto-IRA programs, which are sponsored by the state and managed privately. A portion of worker pay is automatically contributed to their individual account, though each worker can choose how much money to contribute or to opt out. The states which have passed legislation for these plans so far are Illinois, Oregon, California, Connecticut, Maryland, New Jersey, Colorado and Virginia.

As of June 2021, there are 37 total states that have either proposed or passed legislation for auto-IRA programs. Generally, they are aimed at workers for small companies that don’t offer traditional 401(k) plans. Though all workers in the United States can open their own IRA plan, many fall behind on retirement savings. The basic idea is that creating plans automatically will make it easier for workers to save for retirement.

Bottom Line

IRA documentsRetirement savings is important, as traditional pensions have become rarer and Social Security is generally not enough for a person to survive on after they stop working. There is a proposal in the House Ways and Means Committee to require most businesses to offer a retirement plan or IRA for all employees over age 21. Additionally, many states are considering creating auto-IRA plans for workers without access to a retirement plan, as has already been done in eight states across the country.

Retirement Planning Tips

  • A financial advisor can help you make sure you’re ready for retirement. Finding a qualified financial advisor doesn’t have to be hard. SmartAsset’s free tool matches you with up to three financial advisors in your area, and you can interview your advisor matches at no cost to decide which one is right for you. If you’re ready to find an advisor who can help you achieve your financial goals, get started now.
  • Saving for retirement is the first step, but you also need to think about how you are investing the money you save. Use SmartAsset’s asset allocation calculator to figure out what your portfolio should look like.

Photo credit: ©iStock.com/Douglas Rissing, ©iStock.com/insta_photos, @iStock.com/designer491

Ben Geier, CEPF® Ben Geier is an experienced financial writer currently serving as a retirement and investing expert at SmartAsset. His work has appeared on Fortune, Mic.com and CNNMoney. Ben is a graduate of Northwestern University and a part-time student at the City University of New York Graduate Center. He is a member of the Society for Advancing Business Editing and Writing and a Certified Educator in Personal Finance (CEPF®). When he isn’t helping people understand their finances, Ben likes watching hockey, listening to music and experimenting in the kitchen. Originally from Alexandria, VA, he now lives in Brooklyn with his wife.
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